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  • About the Series  ix
    Preface and Acknowledgments  xi
    Introduction. Beyond Enigma: An Agenda for Interpreting Shining Path and Peru, 1980–1995 / Steve J. Stern  1
    Part I. Within and Against History: Conceptualizing Roots  
    1. From Race to Class: Insurgent Intellectuals de provincia in Peru, 1910–1970 / Marisol de la Cadena  22
    2. On Poor Relations and the Nouveau Riche: Shining Path and the Radical Peruvian Left / Iván Hinojosa  60
    3. Chronicle of a Path Foretold? Velasco's Revolution, Vanguardia Revolucionaria, and "Shining Omens" in the Indigenous Communities of Andahuaylas / Florencia E. Mallon  84
    Part II. The Conquest that Failed: The War for the Center-South  
    Introduction to Part II  121
    4. Harvesting Storms: Peasant Rondas and the Defeat of Sendero Luminoso in Ayacucho / Carlos Iván Degregori  128
    5. Family, Culture, and "Revolution": Everyday Life with Sendero Luminoso / Ponciano del Pino H.  158
    6. The War of the Central Sierra / Nelson Manrique  192
    7. Villagers at Arms: War and Counterrevolution in the Central-South Andes / Orin Starn  224
    Part III. Obliterating Third Paths: The Battles of Lima and Puno  
    Introduction to Part III  261
    8. Shining Path and the "Decisive Battle" in Lima's Barriadas: The Case of Villa El Salvador / Jo-Marie Burt  267
    9. Apogee and Crisis of a "Third Path": Mariateguismo, "People's War," and Counterinsurgency in Puno, 1987–1994 / José Luis Rénique  307
    Part IV. Women as Citizen-Subjects: Exploring the Gendered War  
    Introduction to Part IV  341
    10. Women in War: Impact and Responses / Isabel Coral Cordero  345
    Part V. Political Rule, Political Culture: The Ironic Legacies of War  
    Introduction to Part V  377
    11. Civil-Military Relations in Peru, 1980–1996: How to Control and Coopt the Military (and the consequences of doing so) / Enrique Obando  385
    12. Alberto Fujimori: "The Man Peru Needed?" / Patricia Oliart  411
    13. Sendero Luminoso and Human Rights: A Perverse Logic that Captured the Country / Carlos Basombrío Iglesias  425
    14. Human Rights and Social Referents: The Construction of New Sensibilities / Hortensia Muñoz  447
    Conclusion. Shining and Other Paths: The Origins, Dynamics, and Legacies of War, 1980–1995 / Steve J. Stern  470
    Abbreviations and Organizations  477
    Bibliography  481
    Index  511
    Contributors  533
  • Steve J. Stern

    Marisol de la Cadena

    Iván Hinojosa

    Florencia E. Mallon

    Carlos Iván Degregori

    Nelson Manrique

    Orin Starn

    Isabel Coral Cordero

    Enrique Obando

    Patricia Oliart

    Carlos Basombrío Iglesias

    Hortensia Muñoz

  • “A brilliantly conceived and executed study of the guerrilla insurgency in Peru. . . . This is exactly the kind of historically grounded work on Shining Path that we have long lacked and happily now have.”—Peter Klarén, George Washington University — N/A

    “This collection of essays will bring to English-language readers the most comprehensive, most nuanced exploration of Shining Path—and of Peru during the last fifteen years—available.”— John Tutino, Georgetown University — N/A

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  • Description

    Shining and Other Paths offers the first systematic account of the social experiences at the heart of the war waged between Shining Path and the Peruvian military during the 1980s and early 1990s. Confronting and untangling the many myths and enigmas that surround the war and the wider history of twentieth-century Peru, this book presents clear and often poignant analyses of the brutal reshaping of life and politics during a war that cost tens of thousands of lives.

    The contributors—a team of Peruvian and U.S. historians, social scientists, and human rights activists—explore the origins, social dynamics, and long-term consequences of the effort by Shining Path to effect an armed communist revolution. The book begins by interpreting Shining Path’s emergence and decision for war as one logical culmination, among several competing culminations, of trends in oppositional politics and social movements. It then traces the experiences of peasants and refugees to demonstrate how human struggle and resilience came together in grassroots determination to defeat Shining Path, and explores the unsuccessful efforts of urban shantytown dwellers, as well as rural and urban activists, to build a “third path” to social justice. Integral to this discussion is an examination of women’s activism and consciousness during the years of the crisis. Finally, this book analyzes the often paradoxical and unintended legacies of this tumultuous period for social and human rights movements, and for presidential and military leadership in Peru.

    Extensive field research, broad historical vision, and strong editorial coordination enable the authors to write a coherent and deeply humanistic account, one that draws out the inner tragedies, ambiguities, and conflicts of the war.

    Providing historically grounded explication of the conflicts that reshaped contemporary Peru, Shining and Other Paths will be widely read by Latin Americanists, historians, anthropologists, gender theorists, sociologists, political scientists, and human rights activists.

    Contributors. Jo-Marie Burt, Marisol de la Cadena, Isabel Coral Cordero, Carlos Iván Degregori, Iván Hinojosa, Carlos Basombrío Iglesias, Florencia E. Mallon, Nelson Manrique, Hortensia Muñoz, Enrique Obando, Patricia Oliart, Ponciano del Pino H., José Luis Rénique, Orin Starn, Steve J. Stern

    About The Author(s)

    Steve J. Stern is Alberto Flores Galindo Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His books include Peru’s Indian Peoples and the Challenge of Spanish Conquest: Huamanga to 1640, Resistance, Rebellion, and Consciousness in the Andean Peasant World, 18th to 20th Centuries, and The Secret History of Gender: Women, Men, and Power in Late Colonial Mexico.

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