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  • Acknowledgments xi

    Note on Sources xiii

    Introduction 1

    1. Forging a Colonial Landscape: Caste in Context 15

    2. The Roads Are Harsh: Spaniards and Indians in the Sanctioned Domain 46

    3. La Mala Yerba: Putting Difference to Work 67

    4. From Animosities to Allegiances: A Segue into the World of Witchcraft 95

    5. Authority Reversed: Indians Ascending 103

    6. Mapping Unsanctioned Power 132

    7. Hall of Mirrors 167

    Notes 185

    Works Cited 235

    Index 255
  • Winner, 2004 Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Award (American Society for Ethnohistory)


  • Winner, 2004 Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Award (American Society for Ethnohistory)

  • “A smart, sophisticated analysis of the cultural politics of caste, gender, and power in colonial Mexico, Hall of Mirrors is built upon a foundation of strong archival work with fascinating sources from the Mexican Inquisition.”—Orin Starn, author of Nightwatch: The Politics of Protest in the Andes — N/A

    “Here is a fine example of well-researched, ‘thick’ ethnographic description at the service of a fuller understanding of ‘caste as a system of values, practices, and meanings in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Mexico.’ Hall of Mirrors offers memorable cases from Inquisition files nestled in an unusually probing and synoptic analysis.”—William Taylor, author of Magistrates of the Sacred: Priests and Parishioners in Eighteenth-Century Mexico — N/A

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  • Description

    Through an examination of caste in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Mexico, Hall of Mirrors explores the construction of hierarchy and difference in a Spanish colonial setting. Laura A. Lewis describes how the meanings attached to the categories of Spanish, Indian, black, mulatto, and mestizo were generated within that setting, as she shows how the cultural politics of caste produced a system of fluid and relational designations that simultaneously facilitated and undermined Spanish governance.

    Using judicial records from a variety of colonial courts, Lewis highlights the ethnographic details of legal proceedings as she demonstrates how Indians, in particular, came to be the masters of witchcraft, a domain of power that drew on gendered and hegemonic caste distinctions to complicate the colonial hierarchy. She also reveals the ways in which blacks, mulattoes, and mestizos mediated between Spaniards and Indians, alternatively reinforcing Spanish authority and challenging it through alliances with Indians. Bringing to life colonial subjects as they testified about their experiences, Hall of Mirrors discloses a series of contradictions that complicate easy distinctions between subalterns and elites, resistance and power.

    About The Author(s)

    Laura A. Lewis is Associate Professor of Anthropology at James Madison University.

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