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  • Archives of Empire: Volume 2. The Scramble for Africa

    Editor(s): Barbara Harlow, Mia Carter
    Pages: 852
    Illustrations: 34 illus. (10 lineart, 17 b&w photos, 6 maps, 1 table)
    Sales/Territorial Rights: World
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  • Acknowledgments xv

    General Introduction: Readings in Imperialism and Orientalism xvii

    Volume Introduction: The Scramble for Africa 1

    I. The Berlin Conference 1885: Making/ Mapping History

    Introduction: The Scramble for Africa: From the Conference at Berlin to the Incident at Fashoda 13

    Chronology of Events 16

    Africa in 1886: The Scramble Half Complete [map] 17

    Africa after the Scramble, 1912 [map] 18

    Africa 1898, with Charter Companies [map] 19

    Joseph Conrad, Excerpts from Heart of Darkness (1898/99) 20

    G. W. F. Hegel, "Africa" (1822) 21

    General Act of the Conference of Berlin (1885) 28

    "The Black Baby" (1894) [illustration] 29

    Arthur Berriedale Keith, "International Rivalry and the Berlin Conference" (1919) 47

    "The 'Irrepressible' Tourist" (1885) [illustration] 59

    Hilaire Belloc, Excerpt from "The Modern Traveller" [1898] 60

    Winston Churchill, "The Fashoda Incident" (1899) 65

    Lord Alfred Milner, "Geography and Statecraft" (1907) 76

    "Marchez! Marchand!" (1898) [illustration] 77

    Dr. Wilhelm Junker, Excerpt from Travels in Africa during the Years 1882-1886, with etching (1892) 79

    "Africa Shared Out" (1899) [editorial with cartoon] 81

    II. The Body Politic: Rationalizing Race

    Introduction: The Body Politic: Rationalizing Race 85

    Slaves 91

    William Wilberforce, "The African Slave Trade" (1789) 93

    William Pitt the Younger, "William Pitt the Younger Indicts the Slave trade and Forsees a Liberated Africa" (1792) 100

    Thomas Carlyle, "The Nigger Question" (1849) 108

    Charles Dickens, "The Noble Savage" (1853) [with classified advertisement from the Illustrated London News] 134

    Species 141

    Count Joseph Arthur Gobineau, "Moral and Intellectual Characteristics of the Three Great Varieties" (1856) 143

    Charles Darwin, "Struggle for Existence" (1871) 153

    Charles Darwin, "On the Formation of the Races of Man" (1871) 160

    Digain Williams, Excerpt from "Darwin" (1922) 167

    James W. Redfield, "Comparative Physiognomy" (1852) 169

    Ernest Renan, Excerpts from The Future of Science (1893) 178

    Self Governance 187

    Walter Bagehot, "Nation-Making" (1869) 189

    Herbert Spencer, "The Primitive Man---Intellectual" (1906) 195

    Benjamin Kidd, "The Principles of the Relations of Our Civilization to the Tropics" (1898) 208

    Dudley Kidd, Excerpts from Kafir Socialism (1908) 222

    Rudyard Kipling, "How the Leopard Got His Spots" (1902) 232

    III. The Political Corps

    The Mission 241

    Introduction: The Mission: Christianity, Civilization, and Commerce 243

    William Booth, Salvation Army Songs (n.d.) 247

    David Livingstone, Dr. Livingstone's Cambridge Lectures (1858) 253

    Henry M. Stanley, Excerpts from How I Found Livingstone (1872) 278

    Livingstone's Journeys, 1841-1856 [map] 279

    M.B. Synge, "Preparing the Empire: Livingstone and Stanley in Central Africa" (1908) 300

    Elizabeth Rundle Charles (?), "In Memory of Dr. Livingstone" (1874) 304

    Sir Bartle Frere, "Dr. Livingstone" (1874) 306

    Count Joseph Arthur Gobineau, "Influence of Christianity upon Moral and intellectual Diversity of Races" (1856) 319

    Matthew Arnold, "The Bishop and the Philosopher" (1863) 328

    International Emigration Office, Excerpts from The Surplus (1909) 350

    Excerpts from The Salvation Army British Empire Exhibition Handbook (1924) 358

    The Administration: Lugard and the Royal Niger Company 365

    Introduction: Inheritors of Empire, Agents of Change: Lord Lugard and Mary Kingsley 367

    "Royal Charter Granted to the National African Company, later called the Royal Niger Company" (1884) 372

    George Taubman Goldie and Frederick Lugard, Selected Correspondence: The Royal Niger Company (1894) 380

    Frederick Lugard, Excerpts from The Diaries of Lord Lugard: Nigeria (1894-1895,1898) 388

    Frederick Lugard, "Duties of Political Officers and Miscellaneous subjects" (1913-1918) 402

    Frederick Lugard, Excerpts from The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa (1922) 417

    Mary Kingsley, "The Clash of Cultures" (1901) 439

    Mary Kingsley, "A Letter to the Editor of 'The New Africa'" (n.d.) 457

    Flora L. Shaw (Lady Lugard), Excerpts from A Tropical Dependency (1905) 460

    The Administration: Cecil J. Rhodes and the British South Africa Company 473

    Introduction: Cecil J. Rhodes; Colossus or Caricature? 475

    Olive Schreiner, Excerpt from Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland (1897) 478

    "The Rhodes Colossus" (1892) [illustration] 480

    "My Career Is Only Beginning!" (1896) [illustration] 481

    "South Africa before and after Cecil Rhodes" (1896) [map] 483

    H. Rider Haggard, "We Abandon Hope" (1885) 484

    John Buchan, "My Uncle's Gift Is Many Times Multiplied" (1910) 492

    Cecil John Rhodes, Excerpts from The Speeches of Cecil Rhodes 1881-1900 (1900) 496

    Lord Randolph S. Churchill, Excerpts from Men, Mines, and Animals in South Africa (1895) 529

    Dr. L. S. Jameson. "Personal Reminiscences of Mr. Rhodes" (1897) 531

    "The Last Will and Testament of Cecil John Rhodes" (1902) 538

    Rudyard Kipling, "The Burial" (1902) 560

    IV. Crises of Empire

    Gordon at Khartoum 565

    Introduction: Gordon at Khartoum: From Cavil to Catastrophe 566

    Chronology of Events 569

    Charles G. Gordon, Excerpts from The Journals of Major-General C. B. Gordon, G. B. at Kartoum (1885) 569

    "At Last!" (1885) [illustration] 572

    "Too Late!" (1885) [illustration] 573

    Queen Victoria, Letters to Mary Gordon (1890) 578

    Lytton Strachey, "The End of General Gordon" (1918) 580

    Lord Cromer (Evelyn Baring), "Relief Expedition' (1908) 583

    Wilfred S. Blunt, Excerpts from Gordon at Khartoum (1911) 591

    Randolph H. S. Churchill, "The Desertion of General Gordon" (1884) 596

    Lord Wolseley, Excerpt from In Relief of Gordon (1885) 600

    Rudolf C. Slatin Pasha, Excerpt from Fire and Sword in the Sudan (1896) 602

    Major F. R. Wingate, "The Siege and Fall of Khartum" (1892) 603

    John Buchan, "Act the Fifth: The End" (1934) 616

    Rudyard Kipling, "Fuzzy-Wuzzy" (1898) 622

    The Graphic, Christmas Number, 1887 624

    "Gordon's Dream---The Martyr-Hero of Khartoum" (1887) [illustration] 625

    The Anglo-Boer War 627

    Introduction: The Boer War: Accusations and Apologias 629

    "Across th
  • Archives of Empire offers a valuable and original intervention in contemporary studies of imperialism, providing a rich array of source material pertaining to the imperial project and the wide-ranging grounds for its critique.”—Anne McClintock, author of Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest — N/A

    “Archives of Empire is a substantial and valuable project containing a generous sampling of key primary texts for understanding both the crucial events in and the debates around British imperialism in the nineteenth century.”—David Lloyd, coeditor of The Politics of Culture in the Shadow of Capital — N/A

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  • Description

    A rich collection of primary materials, the multivolume Archives of Empire provides a documentary history of nineteenth-century British imperialism from the Indian subcontinent to the Suez Canal to southernmost Africa. Barbara Harlow and Mia Carter have carefully selected a diverse range of texts that track the debates over imperialism in the ranks of the military, the corridors of political power, the lobbies of missionary organizations, the halls of royal geographic and ethnographic societies, the boardrooms of trading companies, the editorial offices of major newspapers, and far-flung parts of the empire itself. Focusing on a particular region and historical period, each volume in Archives of Empire is organized into sections preceded by brief introductions. Documents including mercantile company charters, parliamentary records, explorers’ accounts, and political cartoons are complemented by timelines, maps, and bibligraphies. Unique resources for teachers and students, these volumes reveal the complexities of nineteenth-century colonialism and emphasize its enduring relevance to the “global markets” of the twenty-first century.

    While focusing on the expansion of the British Empire, The Scramble for Africa illuminates the intense nineteenth-century contest among European nations over Africa’s land, people, and resources. Highlighting the 1885 Berlin Conference in which Britain, France, Germany, Portugal, and Italy partitioned Africa among themselves, this collection follows British conflicts with other nations over different regions as well as its eventual challenge to Leopold of Belgium’s rule of the Congo. The reports, speeches, treatises, proclamations, letters, and cartoons assembled here include works by Henry M. Stanley, David Livingstone, Joseph Conrad, G. W. F. Hegel, Winston Churchill, Charles Darwin, and Arthur Conan Doyle. A number of pieces highlight the proliferation of companies chartered to pursue Africa’s gold, diamonds, and oil—particularly Cecil J. Rhodes’s British South Africa Company and Frederick Lugard’s Royal Niger Company. Other documents describe debacles on the continent—such as the defeat of General Gordon in Khartoum and the Anglo-Boer War—and the criticism of imperial maneuvers by proto-human rights activists including George Washington Williams, Mark Twain, Olive Schreiner, and E.D. Morel.

    About The Author(s)

    Barbara Harlow is Louann and Larry Temple Centennial Professor of English at the University of Texas at Austin.

    Mia Carter is Associate Professor of English at the University of Texas at Austin.

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