• Archives of Empire: Volume I. From The East India Company to the Suez Canal

    Editor(s): Barbara Harlow, Mia Carter
    Pages: 832
    Illustrations: 28 illus., 1 map
    Sales/Territorial Rights: World
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  • Acknowledgments xix

    General Introduction: Readings in Imperialism and Orientalism xxi

    Volume Introduction: From the Company to the Canal 1

    I. COMPANY TO CANAL, 1757-1869

    INTRODUCTION: Adventure Capitalism: Mercantilism, Militarism, and the British East India Company 13

    Chronology of Events 16

    List of the Governors and Governors-General of India 17

    List of the Newabs of Bengal 18

    India under Cornwallis (1792) [map] 19

    India under Wellesley (1799) [map] 19

    India under Hastings (1832) [map] 20

    India under Dalhousie (1856) [map] 20

    G.A. (George Alfred) Henty, Excerpt from With Clive in India (n.d.) 21

    “Agreement between the Nabob Nudjum-ul-Dowlah and the Company, 12 August 1765” 25

    Anonymous, An Inquiry into the Rights of the East India Company of Making War and Peace (1772) 27

    East India Company Act, 1773 31

    James Mill, “The Constitution of the East India Company” (1817) 39

    James Mill, Letter to Durmont (1819) 47

    John Stuart Mill. Excerpt from Autobiography (1873) 48

    Government of India Act, 1833 49

    Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Lord Clive” (1840) 59

    Samuel Lucas, “The Spoliation of Oude” (1857) 72

    Sir Arthur Wellesley, “Memorandum on Marquess Wellesley’s Government of India” (1806) 81


    INTRODUCTON: Oriental Despotisms and Political Economies 89

    Baron de Montesquieu, “Distinctive Properties of a Despotic Government” (1746) 92

    Baron de Montesquieu, Excerpts from Persian Letters (1721) 92

    Adam Smith, “America and the East Indies” (1776) 95

    Robert Orme, “Of the Government and People of Indostan” (1782) 107

    John Stuart Mill, Excerpt from The Principles of Political Economy (1848) 111

    John Stuart Mill, Excerpt from “Considerations on Representative Government” (1861) 113

    Karl Marx, “On Imperialism in India” (1853) 117


    INTRODUCTION: Warren Hastings: Naughty Nabob or National Hero? 131

    Warren Hastings, “Warren Hastings to the Court of General Directors, 11 November 1773” 135

    Warren Hastings, Excerpt from Memoirs Relative to the State of India (1786) 137

    Edmund Burke, “Edmund Burke on the Impeachment of Warren Hastings, 15-19 February 1788” 143

    Westminister Hall during the trial of Warren Hastings (1788) [illustration] 146

    Fanny Burney, Diary Selections (1788) 155

    Edmund Burke, “From the Third Day of Edmund Burke’s Speech Opening the Impeachment, 18 February 1788” 160

    Warren Hastings, “From the Address of Warren Hastings in His Defence, 2 June 1791” 163

    Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Warren Hastings” (1841) 166


    INTRODUCTION: Tipu Sultan: Oriental Despot or National Hero? 171

    G.A. Henty, Excerpts from The Tiger of Mysore (189?) 173

    “Tippoo Sahib at the Lines of Travancore” (1789) [illustration] 174

    Major Diram, “Treaties of Peace, and Review of the Consequences of War” (1793) 175

    Selected Letters between Tipu and Company Governors-General, 1798-1799 180

    Wilkie Collins, “Prologue: The Storming of Seringapatam, 1799” (1869) 195


    INTRODUCTION: Orientalism: The East as a Career 203

    Mary Shelley, Excerpts from Frankenstein (1813/1831) 206

    Benjamin Disraeli, Excerpt from Sibyl, or the Two Nations (1845) 208

    Definitions from the Hobson-Jobson Dictionary 209

    G.W.F. Hegel, “India” (1822) 219

    William Jones, “A Discourse on the Institution of a Society for Inquiring into the History, Civil and Natural, the Antiquities, Arts, Sciences, and Literatures of Asia” (1784) 223

    Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Minute on Indian Education” (1835) 227

    Max Muller, “The Aryan Section” (1876) 239


    INTRODUCTION: Ordering “Chaos”: Administering the Law 249

    Robert Orme, “Of the Laws and Justice of Indostan” (1782) 251

    Sir William Jones, Preface to “Institutes of Hindu Law: Or, the Ordinances of Menu” (1794) 261

    Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Introductory Report upon the Indian Penal Code” (1837) 268


    INTRODUCTION: Decriminalizing the Landscape: Thugs and Poisoners 285

    A thug “family tree” (1836) [illustration] 288

    Thug depredations (1836) [map] 288

    Thugs giving a demonstration of their method of strangulation (1855) [photo] 289

    Captain William H. Sleeman, Excerpts from The Thugs or Phansigars of India: History of the Rise and Progress (1839) 297

    Fanny Parks Parlby, “A Kutcherry or Kachahri” (1850) 307

    Philip Meadows Taylor, “Thugs” (1877) 314

    Philip Meadows Taylor, Excerpts from Confessions of a Thug (1837) 315

    Captain William H. Sleeman, “Thug Approvers” (1833-1835?) 322


    INTRODUCTION: Sati/Suttee: Observances, Abolition, Observations 337

    Colonel Henry Yule and A.C. Burnell, “Suttee” [definition] (1903) 340

    Lord William Bentinck, “Bentinck’s Minute on Sati, 8 November 1892” 350

    Sati Regulation XVII, A.D. 1829 of the Bengal Code, 4 December 1829 361

    “The Duties of a Faithful Widow,” from Digest of Hindi Law (n.d.) 364

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy, “Petitions and Addresses on the Practice of Suttee (1818-1831)” 369

    G.W.F. Hegel, On Sati (1822) 374

    Charles Dickens, Death by Fire of Miss Havisham (1861) 375

    Jules Verne, “Fogg Rescues a Sati” (1873) 377

    Maspero Jingle [advertisement for Maspero Egyptian cigarettes] 379

    Ernest Renan, On Suttee (1893) 380

    Flora Annie Steel, “The Reformer’s Wife” (1933) 381


    INTRODUCTION: The “Asiatic Mystery”: The Sepoy Mutiny, Rebellion, or Revolt 391

    Chronology of Events 396

    Rulers and Rebels: Some Major Figures 397

    Excerpts from The Who’s Who of Indian Martyrs (1969-1973) 400

    “Portrait of Nana Sahib” [illustration] 402

    “Sepoys, 1757” (1890) [illustration] 406

    “Attack of the Mutineers on the Redan Battery at Lucknow, July 30, 1857” (n.d.) [illustration] 406

    “The Asiatic Mystery. As Prepared by Sepoy D’Israeli” (1857) [illustration] 407

    “Proclamation to the People of Oude on Its Annexati
  • Archives of Empire offers a valuable and original intervention in contemporary studies of imperialism, providing a rich array of source material pertaining to the imperial project and the wide-ranging grounds for its critique.”—Anne McClintock, author of Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest — N/A

    "Archives of Empire is a substantial and valuable project containing a generous sampling of key primary texts for understanding both the crucial events in and the debates around British imperialism in the nineteenth century.”—David Lloyd, coeditor of The Politics of Culture in the Shadow of Capital — N/A

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  • Description

    A rich collection of primary materials, the multivolume Archives of Empire provides a documentary history of nineteenth-century British imperialism from the Indian subcontinent to the Suez Canal to southernmost Africa. Barbara Harlow and Mia Carter have carefully selected a diverse range of texts that track the debates over imperialism in the ranks of the military, the corridors of political power, the lobbies of missionary organizations, the halls of royal geographic and ethnographic societies, the boardrooms of trading companies, the editorial offices of major newspapers, and far-flung parts of the empire itself. Focusing on a particular region and historical period, each volume in Archives of Empire is organized into sections preceded by brief introductions. Documents including mercantile company charters, parliamentary records, explorers’ accounts, and political cartoons are complemented by timelines, maps, and bibligraphies. Unique resources for teachers and students, these books reveal the complexities of nineteenth-century colonialism and emphasize its enduring relevance to the “global markets” of the twenty-first century.

    Tracing the beginnings of the British colonial enterprise in South Asia and the Middle East, From the Company to the Canal brings together key texts from the era of the privately owned British East India Company through the crises that led to the company’s takeover by the Crown in 1858. It ends with the momentous opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. Government proclamations, military reports, and newspaper articles are included here alongside pieces by Rudyard Kipling, Charles Dickens, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Benjamin Disraeli, and many others. A number of documents chronicle arguments between mercantilists and free trade advocates over the competing interests of the nation and the East India Company. Others provide accounts of imperial crises—including the trial of Warren Hastings, the Indian Rebellion (Sepoy Mutiny), and the Arabi Uprising—that highlight the human, political, and economic costs of imperial domination and control.

    About The Author(s)

    Barbara Harlow is Louann and Larry Temple Centennial Professor of English at the University of Texas, Austin.

    Mia Carter is Associate Professor of English at the University of Texas, Austin. They are coeditors of Imperialism and Orientalism: A Documentary Sourcebook.

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