• List of Illustrations  ix
    Preface  xiii
    Introduction / Jennifer A. González  1
    Part I. Definitions and Debates
    Introduction / Chon Noriega  13
    1. Looking for Alternatives: Notes on Chicano Art, 1960-1990  19
    2. Con Safo (C/S) Artists: A Contingency Factor / Mel Casas  30
    3. El Arte de Chicano: "The Spirit of Excellence" / Gilbert Sanchez Luján  32
    4. Notes on an Aesthetic Alternative / Carlos Almaraz  35
    5. A Critical Perspective on the State of Chicano Art / Malaquís Montoya and Lezlie Salkowitz-Montoya
    6. Response: Another Opinion on the State of Chicano Art / Shifra M. Goldman  45
    7. Post-Chicano / Rita Gonzalez  54
    8. The New Chicano Moment / Josh Kun  58
    9. Post-movimiento: The Contemporary (Re)Generation of Chicana/o Art / Tomás Ybarra-Frausto  66
    Further Reading  72
    Part II. Cultural Reclamation and Vernacular Traditions
    Introduction / Terezita Romo  75
    10. The Politics of Popular Art / Rupert García  81
    11. Rasquachismo: A Chicano Sensibility / Tomás Ybarra-Frausto  85
    12. Domesticana: The Sensibility of Chicana Rasquache / Amalia Mesa-Bains  91
    13. Chicano Humor in Art: For Whom the Taco Bell Tolls / Rubén Trejo  100
    14. Points of Convergence: Iconography of the Chicano Poster / Terezita Romo  104
    15. Graffiti Is Art: Any Drawn Line That Speaks about Identity, Dignity, and Unity . . . That Line Is Art / Charles "Chaz" Bojórquez  117
    16. Inventing Tradition, Negotiating Modernism: Chicano/a Art and the Pre-Columbian Past / Victor Zamudio-Taylor  123
    17. Negotiated Frontiers: Contemporary Chicano Photography / Jennifer A. González  135
    18. Deus ex Machina: Tradition, Technology, and the Chicanafuturist Art of Marion C. Martinez / Catherine S. Ramírez  146
    19. Celia Alvarez Muñoz: "Civic Studies" / Roberto Tejada  165
    Further Reading  174
    Part III. Bodily Aesthetics and Iconologies
    Introduction / Jennifer A. González  177
    20. Redefining America: The Civil Rights Movements / Nancy Kelker  183
    21. Drawing Offensive/Offensive Drawing: Toward a Theory of Mariconógraphy / Robb Hernández  194
    22. The Pachuco's Flayed Hide: Mobility, Identity, and Buenas Garras / Marcos Sánchez-Tranquilino and John Tagg  208
    23. Writing on the Social Body: Dresses and Body Ornamentation in Contemporary Chicana Art / Laura A. Pérez  219
    24. Ojo de la Diosa: Becoming Divine in Delilah Montoya's Photography / Asta Kuusinen  237
    25. Art Comes for the Archbishop: The Semiotics of Contemporary Chicana Feminism and the Work of Alma López / Luz Calvo  250
    Further Reading  263
    Part IV. Public Practices and Enacted Landscapes
    Introduction / C. Ondine Chavoya  267
    26. The Enacted Environment of East Los Angeles / James T. Rojas  271
    27. Space, Power, and Youth Culture: Mexican American Graffiti and Chicano Murals in East Los Angeles, 1972-1978 / Marcos Sánchez-Tranquilino 278
    28. Pseudographic Cinema: Asco's No-Movies / C. Ondine Chavoya  292
    29. Whose Monument Where? Public Art in a Many-Cultured Society / Judith F. Baca / 304
    30. La Memoria de Nuestra Tierra: Colorado / Judith F. Baca  310
    31. The Donkey Cart Caper: Some Thoughts on Socially Conscious Art in Antisocial Public Space / David Avalos  314
    32. Public Audit: An Interview with Elizabeth Sisco, Louis Hock, and David Avalos / Clyena Simonds  319
    Further Reading  331
    Part V. Border Visions and Immigration Politics
    Introduction / Jennifer A. González  335
    33. Border Arte: Nepantle, el Lugar de la Frontera / Gloria Anzaldúa  341
    34. The Spaces of Home in Chicano and Latino Representations of the San Diego–Tijuana Borderlands (1968-2002) / Jo-Anne Berelowitz  351
    35. Straddling la otra frontera: Inserting MiChicana/o Visual Culture into Chicana/o Art History / Dylan Miner  372
    36. Borders, Border Crossing, and Political Art in North Carolina / Gabriela Valdivia, Joseph Palis, and Matthew Reilly  394
    37. Excerpts from Codex Espangliensis: From Columbus to the Border Patrol / Enrique Chagoya, Guillermo Gómez-Peña, and Felicia Rice  402
    38. 187 Reasons Why Mexicanos Can't Cross the Border (Remix) / Juan Felipe Herrera  406
    Further Reading  410
    Part VI. Institutional Frameworks and Critical Reception
    Introduction / C. Ondine Chavoya  413
    39. Los Four / Peter Plagens  417
    40. MARCH to an Aesthetic of Revolution / Raye Bemis  420
    41. Resisting Modernism: Chicano Art: Retro Progressive or Progressive Retro? / Ralph Rugoff  423
    42. Our America at the Smithsonian / Philip Kennicott  427
    43. Alex Rivera, Philip Kennicott Debate Washington Post Review of Our America / Philip Kennicott  430
    44. What Do We Mean When We Talk about "Latino Art"? / Elizabeth Blair and Audie Cornish  434
    45. Chicano Art: Looking Backward / Shifra M. Goldman  436
    46. Readers' Forum Letter to the Editor in Response to Shifra Goldman's Exhibition Review / Judithe Elena Hernández de Neikrug  440
    47. Readers' Forum Response to Judithe Hernandez's Letter to the Editor / Shifra M. Goldman  442
    48. "All Roads Lead to East L.A.," Goez Art Studios and Gallery  / Karen Mary Davalos  444
    49. From CARA to CACA: The Multiple Anatomies of Chicano/a Art at the Turn of the New Century / Alicia Gaspar de Alba  455
    50. On Museum Row: Aesthetics and the Politics of Exhibition / Chon Noriega  470
    51. Strangeways Here We Come / Rita Gonzalez  484
    Further Reading  495
    Glossary  497
    Contributors  501
    Acknowledgment of Copyrights  507
    Index
  • Gloria Anzaldua

    David Avalos

    Judith F. Baca

    Jo-Anne Berelowitz

    Elizabeth Blair

    Chaz Bojorquez

    Philip Brookman

    Luz Calvo

    Almaraz Carlos

    Mel Casas

    Barbara Chase-Riboud

    Cornish, Audie

    Karen Mary Davalos

    Arlene Dávila

    Rupert García

    Alicia Gaspar de Alba

    Sanchez Luján Gilbert

    Shifra Goldman

    Guillermo Gómez-Peña

    Rita González

    Judith Elena Hernández de Neikrug

    Robb Hernández

    Juan Felipe Herrera

    Nancy Kelker

    Kennicott, Philip

    Josh Kun

    Asta Kuusinen

    Amalia Mesa-Bains

    Dylan Miner

    Raye Bemis Mitchell

    Malaquias Montoya

    Chon Noriega

    Joseph Palis

    Laura E. Pérez

    Peter Plagens

    Catherine S. Ramírez

    Carmen Ramos

    Matthew Reilly

    Alex Rivera

    James T. Rojas

    Terezita Romo

    Ralph Rugoff

    Lezlie Salkowitz-Montoya

    Marcos Sánchez-Tranquilino

    Cylena Simonds

    John Tagg

    Roberto Tejada

    Rubén Trejo

    Gabriela Valdivia

    Tomas Ybarra-Frausto

    Victor Zamudio-Taylor

  • “The editors have assembled leading scholars and historic essays to unpack the generative force of the Chicana/o art movement. The essays are organized by themes and historic benchmarks; they consider everything from cultural reclamation to political action and even invite readers to imagine what a ‘post-movimiento’ future might look like. A must-have for anyone wishing to learn the history of Chicana/o art, particularly at a time when questions of immigration and assimilation continue to fuel political debate.” — Ken Gonzales-Day, author of, Lynching in the West: 1850–1935

    “Bringing together a number of essays that are often quoted within Chicano studies with those that are not readily available, this volume gives readers a full sense of Chicano visual studies as a field of study in its own right. A truly impressive collection.” — Laura G. Gutiérrez, author of, Performing Mexicanidad: Vendidas y Cabareteras on the Transnational Stage

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  • Description

    This anthology provides an overview of the history and theory of Chicano/a art from the 1960s to the present, emphasizing the debates and vocabularies that have played key roles in its conceptualization. In Chicano and Chicana Art—which includes many of Chicano/a art's landmark and foundational texts and manifestos—artists, curators, and cultural critics trace the development of Chicano/a art from its early role in the Chicano civil rights movement to its mainstream acceptance in American art institutions. Throughout this teaching-oriented volume they address a number of themes, including the politics of border life, public art practices such as posters and murals, and feminist and queer artists' figurations of Chicano/a bodies. They also chart the multiple cultural and artistic influences—from American graffiti and Mexican pre-Columbian spirituality to pop art and modernism—that have informed Chicano/a art's practice.

    Contributors. Carlos Almaraz, David Avalos, Judith F. Baca, Raye Bemis, Jo-Anne Berelowitz, Elizabeth Blair, Chaz Bojóroquez, Philip Brookman, Mel Casas, C. Ondine Chavoya, Karen Mary Davalos, Rupert García, Alicia Gaspar de Alba, Shifra Goldman, Jennifer A. González, Rita Gonzalez, Robb Hernández, Juan Felipe Herrera, Louis Hock, Nancy L. Kelker, Philip Kennicott, Josh Kun, Asta Kuusinen, Gilberto “Magu” Luján, Amelia Malagamba-Ansotegui, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Dylan Miner, Malaquias Montoya, Judithe Hernández de Neikrug, Chon Noriega, Joseph Palis, Laura Elisa Pérez, Peter Plagens, Catherine Ramírez, Matthew Reilly, James Rojas, Terezita Romo, Ralph Rugoff, Lezlie Salkowitz-Montoya, Marcos Sanchez-Tranquilino, Cylena Simonds, Elizabeth Sisco, John Tagg, Roberto Tejada, Rubén Trejo, Gabriela Valdivia, Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, Victor Zamudio-Taylor

    About The Author(s)

    Jennifer A. González is Professor of History of Art and Visual Culture at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

    C. Ondine Chavoya is Professor of Art at Williams College.

    Chon Noriega is Professor of Film, Television, and Digital Media at the University of California, Los Angeles.

    Terezita Romo is Program Officer at The San Francisco Foundation.
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