• Cloth: $99.95 - In Stock
    978-0-8223-6076-6
  • Paperback: $26.95 - In Stock
    978-0-8223-6090-2
  • Quantity
  • Add To Bag
  • A Note on Currency and Orthography  vii

    Introduction to the English-Langauge Edition / Mary Ann Mahony  xi

    Foreword to the Brazilian Edition / Robert W. Slenes  xxiii

    Acknowledgments  xxvii

    Introduction  1

    1. Slaves and Masters on Sugar Plantations in the Last Decades of Slavery  9

    2. Tension and Conflict on a Recôncavo Sugar Plantation  29

    3. Crossroads of Slavery and Freedom, 1880–1888  56

    4. May 13, 1888 and Its Immediate Aftermath  74

    5. Heads Spinning with Freedom  103

    6. After Abolition: Tension and Conflict on Recôncavo Sugar Plantations  139

    7. Trajectories of Slaves and Freed People on Recôncavo Sugar Plantations  161

    8. Community and Family Life among Freed People  190

    9. Other Post-emancipation Itineraries  211

    Epilogue. In the Centuries to Come: Projections of Slavery and Freedom  236

    Notes  245

    Glossary  283

    Bibliography  285

    Index  301
  • Mary Ann Mahony

    Robert W. Slenes

  • Honorable Mention, 2018 Best Book Translation Prize from the New England Council of Latin American Studies

    Named a 2017 Outstanding Academic Title by Choice Magazine

  • "Mary Ann Mahony has adeptly translated one of the best monographic histories of slaves for the vast sugar lands of Brazil. . . . This book extends Fraga’s 2004 dissertation and is a must read for specialists of slavery, emancipation, or Brazil, and, if contextualized, should be compelling to undergraduates and general readers as well. Highly recommended."

    "Undeniably an important study [that] points the way to a richer understanding of Brazilian slavery in the years around 1888."

    “This rich collection of documents constitutes a major contribution to the literature on post-emancipation Brazil.”

    "[C]arefully researched ... Crossroads of Freedom provides unique insights into what happened next following the emancipation of the slaves from the sugar plantations of Recôncavo."

    "Crossroads of Freedom is a pleasure to read and a tremendous contribution to the study of slavery and abolition."

    "A masterful translation. . . . Crossroads of Freedom provides valuable insight into not only slavery and freedom in the Recôncavo of Bahia and Brazil by extension, but also how these social forces informed Brazilian race relations more generally and the directives of the black liberation struggle in terms of battling persistent patterns of social inequality."

    "Crossroads of Freedom is a work that is both historiographically valuable and accessible for undergraduate students."

    "Impeccably translated. . . . Besides its relevance to the history of slavery and abolition, Crossroads of Freedom is an important contribution to social history and labor history."

    "Walter Fraga's book is undoubtedly one of the most important results of Brazilian social history that has been produced in the past 15 years."

    "Mahoney’s introduction and added comments in the endnotes help set the stage for this extraordinary story of abolition and freedom."

    Awards

  • Honorable Mention, 2018 Best Book Translation Prize from the New England Council of Latin American Studies

    Named a 2017 Outstanding Academic Title by Choice Magazine

  • Reviews

  • "Mary Ann Mahony has adeptly translated one of the best monographic histories of slaves for the vast sugar lands of Brazil. . . . This book extends Fraga’s 2004 dissertation and is a must read for specialists of slavery, emancipation, or Brazil, and, if contextualized, should be compelling to undergraduates and general readers as well. Highly recommended."

    "Undeniably an important study [that] points the way to a richer understanding of Brazilian slavery in the years around 1888."

    “This rich collection of documents constitutes a major contribution to the literature on post-emancipation Brazil.”

    "[C]arefully researched ... Crossroads of Freedom provides unique insights into what happened next following the emancipation of the slaves from the sugar plantations of Recôncavo."

    "Crossroads of Freedom is a pleasure to read and a tremendous contribution to the study of slavery and abolition."

    "A masterful translation. . . . Crossroads of Freedom provides valuable insight into not only slavery and freedom in the Recôncavo of Bahia and Brazil by extension, but also how these social forces informed Brazilian race relations more generally and the directives of the black liberation struggle in terms of battling persistent patterns of social inequality."

    "Crossroads of Freedom is a work that is both historiographically valuable and accessible for undergraduate students."

    "Impeccably translated. . . . Besides its relevance to the history of slavery and abolition, Crossroads of Freedom is an important contribution to social history and labor history."

    "Walter Fraga's book is undoubtedly one of the most important results of Brazilian social history that has been produced in the past 15 years."

    "Mahoney’s introduction and added comments in the endnotes help set the stage for this extraordinary story of abolition and freedom."

  • "Drawing on outstanding research into the notarial, parish, and judicial records from the heart of the old sugar plantation area of Bahia, Walter Fraga recaptures many of the individual stories that illuminate the process of slavery's end and the adjustments of masters and slaves to that process. Featuring fascinating stories with a strong human dimension, Crossroads of Freedom makes a wonderful contribution to an already-rich historiography."  — Stuart B. Schwartz, author of, Sea of Storms: A History of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean from Columbus to Katrina

  • Permission to Photocopy (coursepacks)

    If you are requesting permission to photocopy material for classroom use, please contact the Copyright Clearance Center at copyright.com;

    If the Copyright Clearance Center cannot grant permission, you may request permission from our Copyrights & Permissions Manager (use Contact Information listed below).

    Permission to Reprint

    If you are requesting permission to reprint DUP material (journal or book selection) in another book or in any other format, contact our Copyrights & Permissions Manager (use Contact Information listed below).

    Images/Art

    Many images/art used in material copyrighted by Duke University Press are controlled, not by the Press, but by the owner of the image. Please check the credit line adjacent to the illustration, as well as the front and back matter of the book for a list of credits. You must obtain permission directly from the owner of the image. Occasionally, Duke University Press controls the rights to maps or other drawings. Please direct permission requests for these images to permissions@dukeupress.edu.
    For book covers to accompany reviews, please contact the publicity department.

    Subsidiary Rights/Foreign Translations

    If you're interested in a Duke University Press book for subsidiary rights/translations, please contact permissions@dukeupress.edu. Include the book title/author, rights sought, and estimated print run.

    Disability Requests

    Instructions for requesting an electronic text on behalf of a student with disabilities are available here.

    Rights & Permissions Contact Information

    Email: permissions@dukeupress.edu
    Email contact for coursepacks: asstpermissions@dukeupress.edu
    Fax: 919-688-4574
    Mail:
    Duke University Press
    Rights and Permissions
    905 W. Main Street
    Suite 18B
    Durham, NC 27701

    For all requests please include:
    1. Author's name. If book has an editor that is different from the article author, include editor's name also.
    2. Title of the journal article or book chapter and title of journal or title of book
    3. Page numbers (if excerpting, provide specifics)
    For coursepacks, please also note: The number of copies requested, the school and professor requesting
    For reprints and subsidiary rights, please also note: Your volume title, publication date, publisher, print run, page count, rights sought
  • Description

    By 1870 the sugar plantations of the Recôncavo region in Bahia, Brazil, held at least seventy thousand slaves, making it one of the largest and most enduring slave societies in the Americas. In this new translation of Crossroads of Freedom—which won the 2011 Clarence H. Haring Prize for the Most Outstanding Book on Latin American History—Walter Fraga charts these slaves' daily lives and recounts their struggle to make a future for themselves following slavery's abolition in 1888. Through painstaking archival research, he illuminates the hopes, difficulties, opportunities, and setbacks of ex-slaves and plantation owners alike as they adjusted to their postabolition environment. Breaking new ground in Brazilian historiography, Fraga does not see an abrupt shift with slavery's abolition; rather, he describes a period of continuous change in which the strategies, customs, and identities that slaves built under slavery allowed them to navigate their newfound freedom. Fraga's analysis of how Recôncavo's residents came to define freedom and slavery more accurately describes this seminal period in Brazilian history, while clarifying how slavery and freedom are understood in the present. 
     
     

    About The Author(s)

    Walter Fraga is Associate Professor in the Department of History of the Federal University of the Bahian Recôncavo in Cachoeira, Bahia, Brazil.

    Mary Ann Mahony is Professor of History at Central Connecticut State University. 
     

Explore More

Sign up for Subject Matters email updates to receive discounts, new book announcements, and more.

Share

Create a reading list or add to an existing list. Sign-in or register now to continue.


Contact Us

  • Duke University Press
  • 905 W. Main St. Ste 18-B
  • Durham, NC 27701
  • U.S. phone (toll-free): 888-651-0122
  • International: 1-919-688-5134
  • orders@dukeupress.edu