The Politics of Exile in Latin America
Company Towns in the Americas: Landscape, Power, and Working-Class Communities
Mujeres y asistencia social en Latinoamerica, siglos XIX y XX: Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Peru y Uruguay
Sebastiani, M. G.
Brazil and the United States: Convergence and Divergence
Davis, S. B.
In This Issue
Maps and the Teaching of Latin American History
Dym, J., Offen, K.
Historical maps deserve a place in the college classroom as primary sources. Since the 1980s, scholarship has shown how maps can be analyzed and interpreted to reveal something not only about the peoples, spaces, and times they portray but also about the societies that create, consume, and contest them. Over the last decade, the maps themselves have become increasingly accessible, as important research libraries and archives digitize their holdings. Yet these graphic texts are not yet staples of college curricula or documentary readers. This essay provides a brief overview of recent research in the history of cartography and presents two examples of map discussion modules for the Latin American history classroom: a demonstration of US neocolonialism, resource extraction, and social change in late nineteenth-century eastern Nicaragua, and a case of urban planning and ideas of order in colonial Mexico City.
Migration and Labor in the Americas: Praxis, Knowledge, and Nations
Craib, R., Overmyer-Velazquez, M.
This article examines the conceptualization, development, and implementation of two related courses on the lives and labors of migrants in the United States. Both courses focus on the histories and hemispheric experiences of migrant workers, within and between the United States, Latin America, and the Spanish Caribbean. The courses are used as a means to think more broadly about what it means to teach courses on Latin America in the twenty-first-century context of the transnational turn in scholarship, the debates over immigration and its reform, concerns over the future of labor organizing, and efforts to seek social justice. Drawing on the work of Paulo Freire in Pedagogy of the Oppressed, students in the seminars engage in praxis and work to deconstruct four interrelated and seemingly fixed binaries: structure and agency, theory and practice, classroom and outside world, and teacher and student.
Words Spoken and Written: Divergent Meanings of Honor among Elites in Nineteenth-Century Rio Grande do Sul
The article concerns differences in the nature and signs of honor among nineteenth-century Brazilian elites. Based primarily on the court records of a dispute between a frontier rancher and a wealthy urban merchant in Rio Grande do Sul, as well as the correspondence of the merchant with a wide variety of commercial and political contacts, it argues that honor symbolized the value and reliability of exchange partners among all elite groups, but differences in the nature of exchanges led to different means of gauging honor. Landowners involved mainly in local face-to-face exchanges evaluated male honor primarily by the observance of spoken agreements and promises, whereas merchants involved in long-distance trade emphasized careful accounting and the fulfillment of written obligations. In a vast country with severely limited educational opportunities for the great majority of the population, fluency in written communication and accounting skills became important means to accumulate wealth and power, allowing individuals with these skills to occupy central positions in long-distance trade and patronage netw