• Nation Within: The History of the American Occupation of Hawai‘i

    Author(s):
    Contributor(s): Manulani Aluli-Meyer
    Pages: 368
    Illustrations: 68 illustrations
    Sales/Territorial Rights: World
  • Paperback: $26.95 - In Stock
    978-0-8223-6197-8
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  • Foreword  ix

    Introduction  xiii

    1. A False Spring  1

    2. Retrieving History  7

    3. Coping with Great Powers  23

    4. Roosevelt's Frontier  33

    5. The Queen's Dilemma  39

    6. American Expanisionism  53

    7. A Two-Layered Conspiracy  69

    8. Trade-off for Pearl Harbor  91

    9. An American Coup  109

    10. Hawaiian Resistance  135

    11. Battle on the Potomac  141

    12. A Republic in Name  149

    13. The Hawaiian Revolt  167

    14. Conjuring the Yellow Peril  183

    15. The Doorway to Imperialism  205

    16. Hawaiian Protests  235

    17. The Treay of Annexation  245

    18. The Queen in Winter  263

    19. The Hawaiian Petition  273

    20. Cuba and the Philippines  289

    21. Raising Old Glory  315

    Notes and Acknowledgments  325

    Endnotes  329

    Index  339
  • Manulani Aluli-Meyer

  • "The best single book on annexation."

    "Tom Coffman has gracefully constructed a new vision of Hawaiian history, broader perhaps than any produced in the last 100 years. . . . A stunning, transoceanic story."

    "No one has taken the time to explicitly search out the relationships between and among Americans who stole our independence with as much tenaciousness and perspicacity as Nation Within. Even better is [Tom Coffman's] exemplary analysis of how the Japanese threat to the Islands was essentially created by confused and greed-inspired policies in the republic and outright deception at the U.S. State Department level. . . . But what I found most valuable about this work was his portrayal of the republic as an opportunistic masquerade of democratic ideals that swindled an entire nation of its inheritance. In no other history that I've seen is the cynical and manipulative nature of annexation so clearly displayed. His ironic recounting of how voting under the republic was to be constructed in such a way as to adopt all of the finest traditions of the Jim Crow South tells us all we need to know about the nature of the government that surrendered that nation of Hawai'i to the United States. . . . [Coffman's] analysis of Lili'uokalani's leadership is sensitive and perceptive. . . . To this date I have not seen a more believable analysis of the queen's leadership, nor a more compelling analysis of the failure of President Cleveland's leadership in the end."

    "[A] page-turner—and an eye-opener."

    "Nation Within explores those 'strange five years' from 1893–1898 during which a cabal of 'missionary boys' hijacked a sovereign nation, deposed its monarch, prostituted the words 'republic' and 'democracy' as badly as any Third World Communist dictator ever has, and handed over an unwilling native people to the care and keeping of the breast-beating, muscle-flexing expansionist United States. (And if you think I overwrite, then I challenge you to read the book.) . . . weep, grow angry . . . "

    Reviews

  • "The best single book on annexation."

    "Tom Coffman has gracefully constructed a new vision of Hawaiian history, broader perhaps than any produced in the last 100 years. . . . A stunning, transoceanic story."

    "No one has taken the time to explicitly search out the relationships between and among Americans who stole our independence with as much tenaciousness and perspicacity as Nation Within. Even better is [Tom Coffman's] exemplary analysis of how the Japanese threat to the Islands was essentially created by confused and greed-inspired policies in the republic and outright deception at the U.S. State Department level. . . . But what I found most valuable about this work was his portrayal of the republic as an opportunistic masquerade of democratic ideals that swindled an entire nation of its inheritance. In no other history that I've seen is the cynical and manipulative nature of annexation so clearly displayed. His ironic recounting of how voting under the republic was to be constructed in such a way as to adopt all of the finest traditions of the Jim Crow South tells us all we need to know about the nature of the government that surrendered that nation of Hawai'i to the United States. . . . [Coffman's] analysis of Lili'uokalani's leadership is sensitive and perceptive. . . . To this date I have not seen a more believable analysis of the queen's leadership, nor a more compelling analysis of the failure of President Cleveland's leadership in the end."

    "[A] page-turner—and an eye-opener."

    "Nation Within explores those 'strange five years' from 1893–1898 during which a cabal of 'missionary boys' hijacked a sovereign nation, deposed its monarch, prostituted the words 'republic' and 'democracy' as badly as any Third World Communist dictator ever has, and handed over an unwilling native people to the care and keeping of the breast-beating, muscle-flexing expansionist United States. (And if you think I overwrite, then I challenge you to read the book.) . . . weep, grow angry . . . "

  • "Nation Within is a refreshing new look at a Hawai‘i known to most Americans for Pearl Harbor and beautiful beaches. This book gives us the untold story, the history we were not given in school, placing Hawai‘i inside the larger picture of U.S. expansion into the Pacific. What we learn is sobering and fascinating." — Howard Zinn, author of A People's History of the United States

    "The story of how Hawai‘i lost its independence and was annexed to the United States is as fascinating and important as it is unknown. Nation Within is a passionate and deeply researched account of this tragedy. It is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how the United States became what it is today." — Stephen Kinzer, author of Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq

    "This book raises important and still unresolved issues about the annexation of Hawai‘i by the United States, explaining that the U.S. Senate would not approve the proposed treaty of annexation, that virtually all Native Hawaiians opposed annexation, and that the ultimate procedure used—a joint resolution passed by a simple majority of both chambers of Congress—was controversial at the time and was questioned by constitutional scholars in the decades that followed. Nation Within is much livelier than the usual history book, but also much more detailed, carefully researched, and thoughtful than most journalism." — Jon M. Van Dyke, Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Hawai‘i, author of Who Owns the Crown Lands of Hawai‘i?

    "Written with power and clarity, Nation Within narrates a history of dispossession but also of complicity and resistance. It correctly situates Hawai‘i's annexation within the global context of U.S. imperialism; it insightfully points out that the nation was never completely extinguished because Hawai‘i continues to stir within the hearts of the Hawaiian people." — Gary Y. Okihiro, author of Island World: A History of Hawai‘i and the United States

    "As a historian, Tom has done a tremendous job in revealing the events and circumstances that led to the illegal overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom government in 1893. More importantly, however, he unveils how the Queen and Hawaiian subjects were politically and legally astute and were able to organize themselves, in the aftermath of the overthrow, into a formidable political force that prevented the annexation of the country by treaty. While they succeeded in preventing the U.S. Senate from ratifying two attempts to annex the country by treaty, they were unable to prevent the U.S. Congress from unilaterally enacting a joint resolution of annexation (in the heat of the Spanish-American War) that served as the basis to illegally seize and occupy the nation of Hawai'i for military purposes—an occupation that is now over a century long." — Keanu Sai, Political Scientist

    "A far-reaching treasure hunt for long-buried facts, revealing for the first time the full array of events and shifting international forces that led to the overthrow and annexation of the Kingdom of Hawaii. . . . [N]ot to be missed." — Herb Kawainui Kane, artist/historian, author of Ancient Hawaii

    "Nation Within is the most original and best researched account I know on the U.S. annexation of Hawaii—and the Hawaiians' opposition, then and now, to that annexation. The story is compelling for many reasons, not least the Hawaiians' trust that the American democratic process would protect their independence and their lands." — Walter LaFeber, Cornell University, author of The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion, 1860–1898

    "All Americans who wish to understand how and why the United States annexed Hawai‘i in 1898 should read this book. Tom Coffman has forever dispelled the commonly held belief that annexation was a benign and inevitable process of self-determination. Readers of Nation Within also will come to understand why Native Hawaiians today seek justice and reconciliation from an American government that usurped and destroyed their national sovereignty a century ago." — Edward P. Crapol, Professor of History, College of William and Mary

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  • Description

    In 1893 a small group of white planters and missionary descendants backed by the United States overthrew the Kingdom of Hawai‘i and established a government modeled on the Jim Crow South. In Nation Within Tom Coffman tells the complex history of the unsuccessful efforts of deposed Hawaiian queen Lili‘uokalani and her subjects to resist annexation, which eventually came in 1898. Coffman describes native Hawaiian political activism, the queen's visits to Washington, D.C., to lobby for independence, and her imprisonment, along with hundreds of others, after their aborted armed insurrection. Exposing the myths that fueled the narrative that native Hawaiians willingly relinquished their nation, Coffman shows how Americans such as Theodore Roosevelt conspired to extinguish Hawai‘i's sovereignty in the service of expanding the United States' growing empire.

    About The Author(s)

    Tom Coffman is an award-winning independent writer and filmmaker. He is the author of several books including The Island Edge of America: A Political History of Hawai‘i, and the producer of many documentaries including O Hawai‘i: From Settlement to Kingdom and Nation Within.
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