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  • Preface. Edges ix

    Acknowledgments xv

    Introduction. Against Flow 1

    1. Circuitous Routes. From Topology to Topography 26

    2. Short-Circuiting Discursive Infrastructure: From Connection to Transmission 64

    3. Gateway: From Cable Colony to Network Operations Center 94

    4. Pressure Point: Turbulent Ecologies of the Cable Landing 138

    5. A Network of Islands: Interconnecting the Pacific 170

    6. Cabled Depths: The Aquatic Afterlives of Signal Traffic 198

    Conclusion. Surfacing 225

    Notes 235

    Bibliography 263

    Index  281
  • Winner, 2016 Best First Book Award, presented by the Society of Cinema and Media Studies

  • “Starosielski offers a crucial intervention into theoretical conceptualizations of communications infrastructure. . . . This rich text also has profound implications for how citizens in an always-networked society and economy understand our lived realities. The Undersea Network makes us reconsider the ‘wirelessness’ of our world by admonishing us consider it in terms of its peculiar and ongoing connectedness to geographies, cultures, and politics.”

    “[A] fascinating book that is part history, part travelogue and part socio-economic memoir. . . . Starosielski’s account makes for fascinating reading, drawing together the varied threads of history, technical complexity, economic power and political will that have shaped the world’s cable networks. Despite the scale of the infrastructure under discussion, the narrative remains intensely personal, and one to be enjoyed."

    The Undersea Network is a fascinating interdisciplinary look at the infrastructure that lets us communicate instantly across oceans…. [T]his book is a good read for anyone broadly interested in geography or communications.”

    “A fascinating cultural assessment of global undersea cable networks that carry most of the world's trans-ocean Internet traffic. … Great stuff!”

    "[The Undersea Network] should prove useful to media scholars looking for lecture material, graduate students scouting out possible dissertation topics, tolerant general readers curious about the routine operations of global communications networks  . . . and anyone who has yet to be disabused of the truly bizarre notion that the information infrastructure of modernity lacks a material foundation."

    "Overall, the book brilliantly brings together the global metanarrative of mass communication with the local, material, and relatively immobile specificities of this undersea network.... Starosielski is extremely successful in rewiring our wireless imaginaries of a networked world. The depth and breadth of the fieldwork conducted is noteworthy as is the production of the book itself, which contains a plethora of images, graphics, and maps."

    "The multistranded analysis developed in the book provides a rewarding account that blends cultural history with investigative ethnography and along the way takes us to remote sites in Hawaii, Tahiti and Guam. Most importantly, Starosielski brings the infrastructure of undersea cable systems back into visibility, showing us in vivid ways what makes global communications possible."

    "The Undersea Network succeeds in introducing an environmental consciousness into one’s imagination of digital networks and the ecological, political, financial, place-based contingencies that support, interfere with and maintain our global telecommunications system. It makes cables salient. ... The Undersea Network is required reading for students of media and network archaeology, communication educators, political and environmental scientists, the history of technology discipline, and readers within the cable industries and government."

    “I strongly suggest you pick up a copy.  It's the most important book ever published in the industry especially if you want to understand the history and why the industry works the way it does.  Nicole should be congratulated for a great service to the industry because without this book, we would have never known not only how the industry works but more importantly -- why?”

    "If you have ever wondered why infrastructure has suddenly become a buzzword in cultural anthropology and science and technology studies, then follow the signal. That is precisely what The Undersea Network does, brilliantly redeeming the promise of multi-sited fieldwork methods to highlight the connections and disconnection–historical and present-day–among far-flung people and places.... For anyone with an interest in Pacific studies, this book has plenty to ponder."

    "[A]n enthralling read for anybody with an interest in telecoms infrastructure and the way that it is presented in the media."

    "This is a fascinating and deeply geographical piece of media scholarship.Starosielski’s book is remarkably successful in demonstrating that the unstable materiality of the infrastructures it describes matters in all kinds of sometimes contradictory ways to those who construct these infrastructures, to those they connect, and to those who remain at a distance from their connective capacities."
     

    "[A] valuable contribution to the research on the evolution of the fiber-optic network."

    "...this book, as fragmentary as it may sometimes be, embraces a distinct form of writing about infrastructures and displays an astoundingly rich vocabulary that is likely to be of heuristic value beyond its initial field of application. In this sense, The Undersea Network is a paradigmatic exploration of the marginal materialities upon which today's Empires of Data depend."
     

    "This book constitutes a deeply original study of the Internet and illustrates the strength of investigating communication infrastructures through their material and ecological dimensions."

    Awards

  • Winner, 2016 Best First Book Award, presented by the Society of Cinema and Media Studies

  • Reviews

  • “Starosielski offers a crucial intervention into theoretical conceptualizations of communications infrastructure. . . . This rich text also has profound implications for how citizens in an always-networked society and economy understand our lived realities. The Undersea Network makes us reconsider the ‘wirelessness’ of our world by admonishing us consider it in terms of its peculiar and ongoing connectedness to geographies, cultures, and politics.”

    “[A] fascinating book that is part history, part travelogue and part socio-economic memoir. . . . Starosielski’s account makes for fascinating reading, drawing together the varied threads of history, technical complexity, economic power and political will that have shaped the world’s cable networks. Despite the scale of the infrastructure under discussion, the narrative remains intensely personal, and one to be enjoyed."

    The Undersea Network is a fascinating interdisciplinary look at the infrastructure that lets us communicate instantly across oceans…. [T]his book is a good read for anyone broadly interested in geography or communications.”

    “A fascinating cultural assessment of global undersea cable networks that carry most of the world's trans-ocean Internet traffic. … Great stuff!”

    "[The Undersea Network] should prove useful to media scholars looking for lecture material, graduate students scouting out possible dissertation topics, tolerant general readers curious about the routine operations of global communications networks  . . . and anyone who has yet to be disabused of the truly bizarre notion that the information infrastructure of modernity lacks a material foundation."

    "Overall, the book brilliantly brings together the global metanarrative of mass communication with the local, material, and relatively immobile specificities of this undersea network.... Starosielski is extremely successful in rewiring our wireless imaginaries of a networked world. The depth and breadth of the fieldwork conducted is noteworthy as is the production of the book itself, which contains a plethora of images, graphics, and maps."

    "The multistranded analysis developed in the book provides a rewarding account that blends cultural history with investigative ethnography and along the way takes us to remote sites in Hawaii, Tahiti and Guam. Most importantly, Starosielski brings the infrastructure of undersea cable systems back into visibility, showing us in vivid ways what makes global communications possible."

    "The Undersea Network succeeds in introducing an environmental consciousness into one’s imagination of digital networks and the ecological, political, financial, place-based contingencies that support, interfere with and maintain our global telecommunications system. It makes cables salient. ... The Undersea Network is required reading for students of media and network archaeology, communication educators, political and environmental scientists, the history of technology discipline, and readers within the cable industries and government."

    “I strongly suggest you pick up a copy.  It's the most important book ever published in the industry especially if you want to understand the history and why the industry works the way it does.  Nicole should be congratulated for a great service to the industry because without this book, we would have never known not only how the industry works but more importantly -- why?”

    "If you have ever wondered why infrastructure has suddenly become a buzzword in cultural anthropology and science and technology studies, then follow the signal. That is precisely what The Undersea Network does, brilliantly redeeming the promise of multi-sited fieldwork methods to highlight the connections and disconnection–historical and present-day–among far-flung people and places.... For anyone with an interest in Pacific studies, this book has plenty to ponder."

    "[A]n enthralling read for anybody with an interest in telecoms infrastructure and the way that it is presented in the media."

    "This is a fascinating and deeply geographical piece of media scholarship.Starosielski’s book is remarkably successful in demonstrating that the unstable materiality of the infrastructures it describes matters in all kinds of sometimes contradictory ways to those who construct these infrastructures, to those they connect, and to those who remain at a distance from their connective capacities."
     

    "[A] valuable contribution to the research on the evolution of the fiber-optic network."

    "...this book, as fragmentary as it may sometimes be, embraces a distinct form of writing about infrastructures and displays an astoundingly rich vocabulary that is likely to be of heuristic value beyond its initial field of application. In this sense, The Undersea Network is a paradigmatic exploration of the marginal materialities upon which today's Empires of Data depend."
     

    "This book constitutes a deeply original study of the Internet and illustrates the strength of investigating communication infrastructures through their material and ecological dimensions."

  • "The Undersea Network is a thrilling work of cultural analysis. Part critical travel writing, part investigative ethnography, part history of technology, Nicole Starosielski's oceanic odyssey takes her readers to out-of-the-way sites like the Honotua cable station on Tahiti, the mega-networked beaches on Guam, and to AT&T's offices on Keawa'ula Beach in O'ahu. She reminds us that the undersea telecommunications infrastructure is haunted by histories of maritime colonial connection, Cold War submarine conflict, and the fluctuating fortunes of finance. This superb book will transmute our common sense about the media ecologies in which we live." — Stefan Helmreich, author of, Alien Ocean: Anthropological Voyages in Microbial Seas

    "Nicole Starosielski's The Undersea Network is as expansive as its subject, revealing the networks that make global communication possible as vital worlds unto themselves. In most stories of new media, infrastructure fades into the background.  But Starosielski flips the script, making infrastructure the star, vividly describing the places, the people, the institutions, and the politics that constantly work to make global communication possible. In the process, The Undersea Network offers new insights into globalization and digitization. It also teaches us how to study large and largely invisible technical and cultural institutions. Coupled with its groundbreaking digital companion (www.surfacing.in), The Undersea Network will transform our understanding of the networks that make modern media possible."
    — Jonathan Sterne, author of, MP3: The Meaning of a Format and The Audible Past: Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction

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  • Description

    In our "wireless" world it is easy to take the importance of the undersea cable systems for granted, but the stakes of their successful operation are huge, as they are responsible for carrying almost all transoceanic Internet traffic. In The Undersea Network Nicole Starosielski follows these cables from the ocean depths to their landing zones on the sandy beaches of the South Pacific, bringing them to the surface of media scholarship and making visible the materiality of the wired network. In doing so, she charts the cable network's cultural, historical, geographic and environmental dimensions. Starosielski argues that the environments the cables occupy are historical and political realms, where the network and the connections it enables are made possible by the deliberate negotiation and manipulation of technology, culture, politics and geography. Accompanying the book is an interactive digital mapping project, where readers can trace cable routes, view photographs and archival materials, and read stories about the island cable hubs.

    About The Author(s)

    Nicole Starosielski is Assistant Professor of Media, Culture, and Communication at New York University.
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