Chicano and Chicana Art

A Critical Anthology

Book Pages: 552 Illustrations: 79 illustrations Published: February 2019

American Studies, Art and Visual Culture > Art History, Chicanx and Latinx Studies

This anthology provides an overview of the history and theory of Chicano/a art from the 1960s to the present, emphasizing the debates and vocabularies that have played key roles in its conceptualization. In Chicano and Chicana Art—which includes many of Chicano/a art's landmark and foundational texts and manifestos—artists, curators, and cultural critics trace the development of Chicano/a art from its early role in the Chicano civil rights movement to its mainstream acceptance in American art institutions. Throughout this teaching-oriented volume they address a number of themes, including the politics of border life, public art practices such as posters and murals, and feminist and queer artists' figurations of Chicano/a bodies. They also chart the multiple cultural and artistic influences—from American graffiti and Mexican pre-Columbian spirituality to pop art and modernism—that have informed Chicano/a art's practice.

Contributors. Carlos Almaraz, David Avalos, Judith F. Baca, Raye Bemis, Jo-Anne Berelowitz, Elizabeth Blair, Chaz Bojóroquez, Philip Brookman, Mel Casas, C. Ondine Chavoya, Karen Mary Davalos, Rupert García, Alicia Gaspar de Alba, Shifra Goldman, Jennifer A. González, Rita Gonzalez, Robb Hernández, Juan Felipe Herrera, Louis Hock, Nancy L. Kelker, Philip Kennicott, Josh Kun, Asta Kuusinen, Gilberto “Magu” Luján, Amelia Malagamba-Ansotegui, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Dylan Miner, Malaquias Montoya, Judithe Hernández de Neikrug, Chon Noriega, Joseph Palis, Laura Elisa Pérez, Peter Plagens, Catherine Ramírez, Matthew Reilly, James Rojas, Terezita Romo, Ralph Rugoff, Lezlie Salkowitz-Montoya, Marcos Sanchez-Tranquilino, Cylena Simonds, Elizabeth Sisco, John Tagg, Roberto Tejada, Rubén Trejo, Gabriela Valdivia, Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, Victor Zamudio-Taylor


"A substantial volume, covering the literature of the movimiento during a period of approximately forty years. The scope offered is far beyond a survey, compiled by four recognized authorities. . . . An impressive resource" — Clayton C. Kirking, ARLIS/NA Reviews

"This pioneering anthology fills a significant gap in the complex history of Chicana/o art and visual culture. . . . this volume is a required resource for teaching and learning about Chicana/o art, especially as issues of identity, immigration, and inclusion continue to ignite intense debate and controversy in the US. Highly recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through faculty and professionals." — L. Estevez, Choice

“The editors have assembled leading scholars and historic essays to unpack the generative force of the Chicana/o art movement. The essays are organized by themes and historic benchmarks; they consider everything from cultural reclamation to political action and even invite readers to imagine what a ‘post-movimiento’ future might look like. A must-have for anyone wishing to learn the history of Chicana/o art, particularly at a time when questions of immigration and assimilation continue to fuel political debate.” — Ken Gonzales-Day, author of Lynching in the West: 1850–1935

“Bringing together a number of essays that are often quoted within Chicano studies with those that are not readily available, this volume gives readers a full sense of Chicano visual studies as a field of study in its own right. A truly impressive collection.” — Laura G. Gutiérrez, author of Performing Mexicanidad: Vendidas y Cabareteras on the Transnational Stage


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Price: $33.95

Open Access

Author/Editor Bios Back to Top

Jennifer A. González is Professor of History of Art and Visual Culture at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

C. Ondine Chavoya is Professor of Art at Williams College.

Chon Noriega is Professor of Film, Television, and Digital Media at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Terezita Romo is Program Officer at The San Francisco Foundation.

Table of Contents Back to Top
List of Illustrations  ix
Preface  xiii
Acknowledgments  xv
Introduction / Jennifer A. González  1
Part I. Definitions and Debates
Introduction / Chon Noriega  13
1. Looking for Alternatives: Notes on Chicano Art, 1960-1990 / Philip Brookman 19
2. Con Safo (C/S) Artists: A Contingency Factor / Mel Casas  30
3. El Arte de Chicano: "The Spirit of the Experience" / Gilbert Sanchez Luján  32
4. Notes on an Aesthetic Alternative / Carlos Almaraz  35
5. A Critical Perspective on the State of Chicano Art / Malaquís Montoya and Lezlie Salkowitz-Montoya  37
6. Response: Another Opinion on the State of Chicano Art / Shifra M. Goldman  45
7. Post-Chicano / Rita Gonzalez  54
8. The New Chicano Moment / Josh Kun  58
9. Post-movimiento: The Contemporary (Re)Generation of Chicana/o Art / Tomás Ybarra-Frausto  66
Further Reading  72
Part II. Cultural Reclamation and Vernacular Traditions
Introduction / Terezita Romo  75
10. The Politics of Popular Art / Rupert García  81
11. Rasquachismo: A Chicano Sensibility / Tomás Ybarra-Frausto  85
12. Domesticana: The Sensibility of Chicana Rasquache / Amalia Mesa-Bains  91
13. Chicano Humor in Art: For Whom the Taco Bell Tolls / Rubén Trejo  100
14. Points of Convergence: Iconography of the Chicano Poster / Terezita Romo  104
15. Graffiti Is Art: Any Drawn Line That Speaks about Identity, Dignity, and Unity . . . That Line Is Art / Charles "Chaz" Bojórquez  117
16. Inventing Tradition, Negotiating Modernism: Chicano/a Art and the Pre-Columbian Past / Victor Zamudio-Taylor  123
17. Negotiated Frontiers: Contemporary Chicano Photography / Jennifer A. González  135
18. Deus ex Machina: Tradition, Technology, and the Chicanafuturist Art of Marion C. Martinez / Catherine S. Ramírez  146
19. Celia Alvarez Muñoz: "Civic Studies" / Roberto Tejada  165
Further Reading  174
Part III. Bodily Aesthetics and Iconologies
Introduction / Jennifer A. González  177
20. Mel Casas: Redefining America / Nancy Kelker  183
21. Drawing Offensive/Offensive Drawing: Toward a Theory of Mariconógraphy / Robb Hernández  194
22. The Pachuco's Flayed Hide: Mobility, Identity, and Buenas Garras / Marcos Sánchez-Tranquilino and John Tagg  208
23. Writing on the Social Body: Dresses and Body Ornamentation in Contemporary Chicana Art / Laura A. Pérez  219
24. Ojo de la Diosa: Becoming Divine in Delilah Montoya's Photography / Asta Kuusinen  237
25. Art Comes for the Archbishop: The Semiotics of Contemporary Chicana Feminism and the Work of Alma López / Luz Calvo  250
Further Reading  263
Part IV. Public Practices and Enacted Landscapes
Introduction / C. Ondine Chavoya  267
26. The Enacted Environment of East Los Angeles / James T. Rojas  271
27. Space, Power, and Youth Culture: Mexican American Graffiti and Chicano Murals in East Los Angeles, 1972-1978 / Marcos Sánchez-Tranquilino  278
28. Pseudographic Cinema: Asco's No-Movies / C. Ondine Chavoya  292
29. Whose Monument Where? Public Art in a Many-Cultured Society / Judith F. Baca  304
30. La Memoria de Nuestra Tierra: Colorado / Judith F. Baca  310
31. The Donkey Cart Caper: Some Thoughts on Socially Conscious Art in Antisocial Public Space / David Avalos  314
32. Public Audit: An Interview with Elizabeth Sisco, Louis Hock, and David Avalos / Clyena Simonds  319
Further Reading  331
Part V. Border Visions and Immigration Politics
Introduction / Jennifer A. González  335
33. Border Arte: Nepantle, el Lugar de la Frontera / Gloria Anzaldúa  341
34. The Spaces of Home in Chicano and Latino Representations of the San Diego–Tijuana Borderlands (1968–2002) / Jo-Anne Berelowitz  351
35. Straddling la otra frontera: Inserting MiChicana/o Visual Culture into Chicana/o Art History / Dylan Miner  372
36. Borders, Border Crossing, and Political Art in North Carolina / Gabriela Valdivia, Joseph Palis, and Matthew Reilly  394
37. Excerpts from Codex Espangliensis: From Columbus to the Border Patrol / Enrique Chagoya, Guillermo Gómez-Peña, and Felicia Rice  402
38. 187 Reasons Why Mexicanos Can't Cross the Border (Remix) / Juan Felipe Herrera  406
Further Reading  410
Part VI. Institutional Frameworks and Critical Reception
Introduction / C. Ondine Chavoya  413
39. Los Four / Peter Plagens  417
40. MARCH to an Aesthetic of Revolution / Raye Bemis  420
41. Resisting Modernism: Chicano Art: Retro Progressive or Progressive Retro? / Ralph Rugoff  423
42. Our America at the Smithsonian / Philip Kennicott  427
43. Alex Rivera, Philip Kennicott Debate Washington Post Review of Our America / Philip Kennicott  430
44. What Do We Mean When We Talk about "Latino Art"? / Elizabeth Blair  434
45. Chicano Art: Looking Backward / Shifra M. Goldman  436
46. Readers' Forum Letter to the Editor in Response to Shifra Goldman's Exhibition Review / Judithe Elena Hernández de Neikrug  440
47. Readers' Forum Response to Judithe Hernandez's Letter to the Editor / Shifra M. Goldman  442
48. "All Roads Lead to East L.A.," Goez Art Studios and Gallery  / Karen Mary Davalos  444
49. From CARA to CACA: The Multiple Anatomies of Chicano/a Art at the Turn of the New Century / Alicia Gaspar de Alba  455
50. On Museum Row: Aesthetics and the Politics of Exhibition / Chon Noriega  470
51. Strangeways Here We Come / Rita Gonzalez  484
Further Reading  495
Glossary  497
Contributors  501
Index  509
Acknowledgment of Copyrights  531
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Additional InformationBack to Top
Paper ISBN: 978-1-4780-0300-7 / Cloth ISBN: 978-1-4780-0187-4
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