Europe (in Theory)

Europe (in Theory)

Book Pages: 288 Illustrations: Published: January 2007

European Studies, Literature and Literary Studies > Literary Theory, Theory and Philosophy > Postcolonial Theory

Europe (in Theory) is an innovative analysis of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century ideas about Europe that continue to inform thinking about culture, politics, and identity today. Drawing on insights from subaltern and postcolonial studies, Roberto M. Dainotto deconstructs imperialism not from the so-called periphery but from within Europe itself. He proposes a genealogy of Eurocentrism that accounts for the way modern theories of Europe have marginalized the continent’s own southern region, portraying countries including Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal as irrational, corrupt, and clan-based in comparison to the rational, civic-minded nations of northern Europe. Dainotto argues that beginning with Montesquieu’s The Spirit of Laws (1748), Europe not only defined itself against an “Oriental” other but also against elements within its own borders: its South. He locates the roots of Eurocentrism in this disavowal; internalizing the other made it possible to understand and explain Europe without reference to anything beyond its boundaries.

Dainotto synthesizes a vast array of literary, philosophical, and historical works by authors from different parts of Europe. He scrutinizes theories that came to dominate thinking about the continent, including Montesquieu’s invention of Europe’s north-south divide, Hegel’s “two Europes,” and Madame de Staël’s idea of opposing European literatures: a modern one from the North, and a pre-modern one from the South. At the same time, Dainotto brings to light counter-narratives written from Europe’s margins, such as the Spanish Jesuit Juan Andrés’s suggestion that the origins of modern European culture were eastern rather than northern and the Italian Orientalist Michele Amari’s assertion that the South was the cradle of a social democracy brought to Europe via Islam.


Europe (in Theory) is a well-written, yet challenging read well worth the effort.” — Craig Borowiak, Political Theory

“By messily revealing the messy histories that failed and succeeded in leaving their trace on the idea of Europe, this book reminds readers that one person’s margin is another’s metropole, that from Gibraltar to Shanghai there lurks the perpetual potential for the kind of visible seesawing that created Istanbul/Constantinople. Roberto Dainotto is not about to become a European quietly.” — John Plotz, Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies

“Robert Dainotto’s Europe (in Theory) offers a thoughtful and highly readable contribution to the growing body of literature on European identity and Eurocentrism.” — Joshua Arthurs, History: Reviews of New Books

“Wide-ranging and thoughtful. . . . I enjoyed this thought-provoking book.” — Jeremy Black, Journal of European Studies

“Written in a lively style, Europe (in Theory) is fresh, innovative, and brings the most advanced post-colonial and historiographic positions into Italian studies and conversely suggests that an understanding of Italy’s complex past could enrich American cultural studies, Mediterranean area studies and the thorny issue of the relation of Islamic culture to Christian Europe.” — Peter Carravetta, Journal of Modern Italian Studies

“Remarkably lucid and accessible, Europe (in Theory) is a superb antidote to the ‘clash of civilizations’ mindset. It ought to be required reading in any course on imperialism and/or postcolonialism.” — Joseph A. Buttigieg, editor of Antonio Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks

“What does Europe look like when you look at it from Sicily? It looks very much like Europe seen from its ex-colonies. Roberto M. Dainotto has shifted the geography of understanding and made a signal contribution to an ‘epistemology of the South.’ Europe (in Theory) is a landmark. A neglected archive, like the work of Michele Amari, becomes the anchor for a de-colonial take on Eurocentrism from inside Europe itself.” — Walter D. Mignolo, author of The Idea of Latin America


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Author/Editor Bios Back to Top

Roberto M. Dainotto is Associate Professor of Romance Studies at Duke University. He is the author of Place in Literature: Regions, Cultures, Communities.

Table of Contents Back to Top
Acknowledgments ix

Introduction: A Pigs Eye View of Europe 1

1. The Discovery of Europe: Some Critical Points 11

2. Montesquieu’s North and South: History as a Theory of Europe 52

3. Republics of Letters: What Is European Literature? 87

4. Mme de Stael to Hegel: The End of French Europe 134

5. Orientalism, Mediterranean Style: The Limits of History at the Margins of Europe 172

Notes 219

Works Cited 239

Index 267
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Winner, 2010 Laura Shannon Prize, awarded by the Nanovic Institute for European Studies at the University of Notre Dame

Additional InformationBack to Top
Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-3927-4 / Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-3905-2
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