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  • Preface ix

    Acknowledgments xv

    I. State and Gender in Latin America

    One Step Forward, Two Steps Back: Gender and the State in the Long Nineteenth Century / Elizabeth Dore 3

    Twentieth-Century State Formations in Latin America / Maxine Molyneux 33

    II. Case Studies

    Civilizing Domestic Life in the Central Valley of Costa Rica, 1750–1850 / Eugenia Rodríguez S. 85

    Slave Women's Strategies for Freedom and the Late Spanish Colonial State / María Eugenia Chaves 108

    Rape and the Anxious Republic: Revolutionary Colombia, 1810–1830 / Rebecca Earle 127

    Property, Households, and the Public Regulation of Domestic Life: Diriomo, Nicaragua, 1840–1900 / Elizabeth Dore 147

    Parents Before the Tribunals: The Legal Construction of Patriarchy in Argentina / Donna J. Guy 172

    Modernizing Patriarchy: State Policies, Rural Households, and Women in Mexico, 1930–1940 / Mary Kay Vaughan 194

    Commemorating the Heroínas: Gender and Civic Ritual in Early-Twentieth-Century Bolivia / Laura Gotkowitz 215

    Women and the Home in Mexican Family Law / Ann Varley 238

    Domesticating Men: State Building and Class Compromise in Popular-Front Chile / Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt 262

    State, Gender, and Institutional Change: The Federación de Mujeres Cubanas / Maxine Molyneux 291

    Gender and the State in Argentina: The Case of the Sindicato de Amas de Casa / Jo Fisher 322

    Getting Gender on the Policy Agenda: A Study of a Brazilian Feminist Lobby Group / Fiona Macaulay 346

    Contributors 369

    Index 371
  • Elizabeth Dore

    Maxine Molyneux

    Eugenia Rodríguez

    Maria Eugenia Chaves

    Rebecca A. Earle

    Donna J. Guy

    Mary Kay Vaughan

    Laura Gotkowitz

    Ann Varley

    Karin Rosemblatt

    Jo Fisher

    Fiona McCaulay

  • “This collection promises to be a thought-provoking and well-used source for the continuing debates in this field. A great asset for researchers and students alike.”—Sarah Radcliffe, University of Cambridge — N/A

    “This splendid volume is unique for its analytical savvy regarding the gendered history of power, authority, and cooptation in Latin America. Each chapter provides a provocative and detailed rendering of patriarchal societies and women’s agency from spaces as varied as households and legislatures. This book will be of wide interest to specialists on the region and, far more broadly, it will spur reinvigorated theoretical debate on the tortuous relationship historically between gender and the state.”—Matthew C. Gutmann, author of The Meanings of Macho: Being a Man in Mexico City — N/A

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  • Description

    This collection examines the mutually influential interactions of gender and the state in Latin America from the late colonial period to the end of the twentieth century. Locating watershed moments in the processes of gender construction by the organized power of the ruling classes and in the processes by which gender has conditioned state-making, Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America remedies the lack of such considerations in previous studies of state formation.
    Along these lines, the book begins with two theoretical chapters by the editors, Elizabeth Dore and Maxine Molyneux. Dore opens by arguing against the prevailing view that the nineteenth century was marked by a gradual emancipation of women, while Molyneux considers how various Latin American state forms—liberal, corporatist, socialist, neoliberal—have more recently sought to incorporate women into their projects of social reform and modernization. These essays are followed by twelve case studies that examine how states have contributed to the normalization of male and female roles and relations. Covering an impressive breadth not only of historical time but also of geographical scope, this volume moves from Brazil to Costa Rica, from Mexico to Chile, traversing many countries in between. Contributors explore such topics as civic ritual in Bolivia, rape in war-torn Colombia, and the legal construction of patriarchy in Argentina. They examine the public regulation of domestic life, feminist lobby groups, class compromise, female slaves, and women in rural households—distinct, salient aspects of the state-gender relationship in specific countries at specific historical junctures.
    By providing a richly descriptive and theoretically grounded account of the interaction between state and gender politics in Latin America, this volume contributes to an important conversation between feminists interested in the state and political scientists interested in gender. It will be valuable to such disciplines as history, sociology, international comparative studies, and Latin American studies.

    Contributors. María Eugenia Chaves, Elizabeth Dore, Rebecca Earle, Jo Fisher, Laura Gotkowitz, Donna J. Guy, Fiona Macaulay, Maxine Molyneux, Eugenia Rodriguez, Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Ann Varley, Mary Kay Vaughan

    About The Author(s)

    Elizabeth Dore is Reader in Latin American History at the University of Southampton. She is the author of The Peruvian Mining Industry: Growth, Stagnation, and Crisis and editor of Gender Politics in Latin America: Debates in Theory and Practice.

    Maxine Molyneux is Professor of Sociology, Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London. She is the author of State Policies and the Position of Women in the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, 1967–77.

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