House⁄Garden⁄Nation

Space, Gender, and Ethnicity in Post-Colonial Latin American Literatures by Women

House⁄Garden⁄Nation

Post-Contemporary Interventions

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Book Pages: 240 Illustrations: Published: May 1994

Subjects
Gender and Sexuality > Feminism and Women’s Studies, Literature and Literary Studies > Literary Criticism, Theory and Philosophy > Marxism

How ironic, the author thought on learning of the Sandinista’s electoral defeat, that at its death the Revolutionary State left Woman, Violeta Chamorro, located at the center. The election signaled the end of one transition and the beginning of another, with Woman somewhere on the border between the neo-liberal and marxist projects. It is such transitions that Ileana Rodríguez takes up here, unraveling their weave of gender, ethnicity, and nation as it is revealed in literature written by women.
In House/Garden/Nation the narratives of five Centro-Caribbean writers illustrate these times of transition: Dulce María Loynáz, from colonial rule to independence in Cuba; Jean Rhys, from colony to commonwealth in Dominica; Simone Schwarz-Bart, from slave to free labor in Guadeloupe; Gioconda Belli, from oligarchic capitalism to social democratic socialism in Nicaragua; and Teresa de la Parra, from independence to modernity in Venezuela. Focusing on the nation as garden, hacienda, or plantation, Rodríguez shows us these writers debating the predicament of women under nation formation from within the confines of marriage and home.
In reading these post-colonial literatures by women facing the crisis of transition, this study highlights urgent questions of destitution, migration, exile, and inexperience, but also networks of value allotted to women: beauty, clothing, love. As a counterpoint on issues of legality, policy, and marriage, Rodriguez includes a chapter on male writers: José Eustacio Rivera, Omar Cabezas, and Romulo Gallegos. Her work presents a sobering picture of women at a crossroads, continually circumscribed by history and culture, writing their way.

Praise

"This is a superb book. One of the foremost Latin American literary critics writing today, Rodríguez offers in this study an important new perspective on the ‘foundational’ novels of early Latin-American nation-building and their relation to the modern and contemporary narratives of social transition in Central America and the Caribbean." — Ellen McCracken, University of California, Santa Barbara

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Ileana Rodríguez is Associate Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at Ohio State University. She is a specialist in the centro-Caribbean area and has written extensively on the literature and culture of the island and mainland nations.

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Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-1465-3 / Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-1450-9
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