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  • Acknowledgments  ix

    Introduction. It Remains to Be Seen: Indians in the Landscape of America  1

    1. Savages Welcomed: Imputations of Indigenous Humanity in Early Colonialisms  33

    2. Affect in the Archive: Apostates, Profligates, Petty Thieves, and the Indians of the Spanish and U.S. Borderlands  66

    3. Mapping Economies of Death: From Mexican Independence to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo  108

    4. Adjudicating Exception: The Fate of the Indio Bárbaro in the U.S. Courts (1869–1954)  154

    5. Losing It! Melancholic Incorporations in Aztlán  195

    Conclusion. The Afterlives of the Indio Bárbaro  233

    Notes  259

    Bibliography  299

    Index  319
  • Winner, 2017 National Association for Chicana/Chicano Studies Book Award

  • "The author delves into a large amount of theory and challenges readers to think about how region, history, and identity are part of a complex relationship. Recommended."


  • Winner, 2017 National Association for Chicana/Chicano Studies Book Award

  • Reviews

  • "The author delves into a large amount of theory and challenges readers to think about how region, history, and identity are part of a complex relationship. Recommended."

  • "Indian Given is an important interrogation of racial and knowledge production in the Americas and offers important analyses of how racial geographies figure in the U.S./Mexico borderlands. With Indian Given, María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo gives us the most comprehensive study of indigenous Mexican and Mexican American identity formations to date."  — Sonia Saldívar-Hull, author of Feminism on the Border: Chicana Gender Politics and Literature

    "Indian Given is a transnational scholarly mural, offering a critical account of North America with both exacting specificity and stunning synthesis, all on one continuous canvas. María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo’s archival skills are formidable across centuries, languages, and geographies. Her archive includes not only Las Casas, La Malinche, and Geronimo, but also Javier Bardem, Oscar Zeta Acosta, and Osama bin Laden. As soon as I finished reading Indian Given, I wanted to start it again." — Robert Warrior, editor of The World of Indigenous North America

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  • Description

    In Indian Given María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo addresses current racialized violence and resistance in Mexico and the United States with a genealogy that reaches back to the sixteenth century. Saldaña-Portillo formulates the central place of indigenous peoples in the construction of national spaces and racialized notions of citizenship, showing, for instance, how Chicanos/as in the U.S./Mexico borderlands might affirm or reject their indigenous background based on their location.  In this and other ways, she demonstrates how the legacies of colonial Spain's and Britain's differing approaches to encountering indigenous peoples continue to shape perceptions of the natural, racial, and cultural landscapes of the United States and Mexico. Drawing on a mix of archival, historical, literary, and legal texts, Saldaña-Portillo shows how los indios/Indians provided the condition of possibility for the emergence of Mexico and the United States.

    About The Author(s)

    María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo is Professor of Social and Cultural Analysis at New York University and the author of The Revolutionary Imagination in the Americas and the Age of Development, also published by Duke University Press.
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