• Migrant Returns: Manila, Development, and Transnational Connectivity

    Pages: 232
    Illustrations: 13 illustrations
    Sales/Territorial Rights: World
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  • Abbreviations  vii
    Preface  ix
    Introduction. An Ethnography of Return  1
    Part I: Departures
    1. The Balikbayan Economy: Filipino Americans and the Contemporary Transformation of Manila  29
    2. The Foreign Local: Balikbayans, Overseas Filipino Workers,and the Return Economy  49
    3. Transnational Real Estate: Selling the American Dream in the Philippines  72
    Part II. Returns
    4. The Balikbayan Hotel: Touristic Performance in Manila and the Anxiety of Return  115
    5. The Balikbayan House: The Precarity of Return Migrant Homes  131
    6. Domestic Affects: The Philippine Retirement Authority, Retiree Visas, and the National Discourse of Homecoming  148
    Conclusion: Retirement Landscapes and the Geography of Exception  163
    Epilogue  179
    Notes  187
    References  197
    Index  209
  • "Recommended."

    “An insightful and timely account of Filipino Americans and their newfound role as key players in the Philippines' bourgeoning retirement and real estate industries.”


  • "Recommended."

    “An insightful and timely account of Filipino Americans and their newfound role as key players in the Philippines' bourgeoning retirement and real estate industries.”

  • "While the balikbayan—or return migrant—has been a staple figure in Filipino government policies, movies, television shows, and other venues of the popular imagination, no work has fully rendered the multiple dimensions of migrant return. Nuanced and trenchantly argued, Migrant Returns is an outstanding ethnographic opus that will make a major contribution to scholarship in Asian American studies, Asian studies, migration and diaspora studies, and globalization." — Martin F. Manalansan IV, author of, Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in the Diaspora

    "Migrant Returns is an important book and especially timely given its analysis of our current global moment, the contemporary Philippines, and the history of migrations between the United States and the Philippines. It could easily become a standard reference for the history of neoliberal migrancy in the early twenty-first century." — Vicente L. Rafael, author of, Motherless Tongues: The Insurgency of Language amid Wars of Translation

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  • Description

    In Migrant Returns Eric J. Pido examines the complicated relationship among the Philippine economy, Manila’s urban development, and balikbayans—Filipino migrants visiting or returning to their homeland—to reconceptualize migration as a process of connectivity. Focusing on the experiences of balikbayans returning to Manila from California, Pido shows how Philippine economic and labor policies have created an economy reliant upon property speculation, financial remittances, and the affective labor of Filipinos living abroad. As the initial generation of post-1965 Filipino migrants begin to age, they are encouraged to retire in their homeland through various state-sponsored incentives. Yet, once they arrive, balikbayans often find themselves in the paradoxical position of being neither foreign nor local. They must reconcile their memories of their Filipino upbringing with American conceptions of security, sociality, modernity, and class as their homecoming comes into collision with the Philippines’ deep economic and social inequality. Tracing the complexity of balikbayan migration, Pido shows that rather than being a unidirectional event marking the end of a journey, migration is a multidirectional and continuous process that results in ambivalence, anxiety, relief, and difficulty.

    About The Author(s)

    Eric J. Pido is Assistant Professor of Asian American Studies at San Francisco State University.
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