• New Countries: Capitalism, Revolutions, and Nations in the Americas, 1750–1870

    Editor(s): John Tutino
    Pages: 408
    Illustrations: 34 illustrations
    Sales/Territorial Rights: World
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    978-0-8223-6114-5
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  • Acknowledgments  ix

    Introduction: Revolutions, Nations, and a New Industrial World / John Tutino  1

    Part I. Hemispheric Challenges

    1. The Americas in the Rise of Industrial Capitalism / John Tutino  25

    2. The Cádiz Liberal Revolution and Spanish American Independence / Roberto Brena  71

    Part II. Atlantic Transformations

    3. Union, Capitalism, and Slavery in the "Rising Empire" of the United States / Adam Rothman  107

    4. From Slave Colony to Black Nation: Haiti's Revolutionary Inversion / Carolyn Fick  138

    5. Cuban Counterpoint: Colonialism and Continuity in the Atlantic World / David Sartorius  175

    6. Atlantic Transformations and Brazil's Imperial Independence / Kirsten Schultz  201

    Part III. Spanish American Inversions

    7. Becoming Mexico: The Conflictive Search for a North American Nation / Alfredo Avila and John Tutino  233

    8. The Republic of Guatemala: Stitching Together a New Country / Jordana Dym  178

    9. From One Patria, Two Nations in the Andean Heartland / Sarah C. Chambers  316

    10. Indigenous Independence in Spanish South America / Erick D. Langer  350

    Epilogue. Consolidating Divergence: The Americas and the World after 1850 / Erick D. Langer and John Tutino  376

    Contributors  387

    Index  389
  • "New Countries opens up possibilities for new inquiries that link the global with the local. This book is long overdue."

    Reviews

  • "New Countries opens up possibilities for new inquiries that link the global with the local. This book is long overdue."

  • "New Countries offers a powerful correction to Atlantic and world histories of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that still privilege Anglophone or Francophone worlds when explaining the rise of democratic republicanism and industrialization. It bridges the often arbitrary colonial-national divide while addressing many of the most active debates in Latin American history, including critiques that the literature so concerned with culture and politics has neglected the economic realm. This volume wisely insists we separate them at our peril." — James E. Sanders, author of, The Vanguard of the Atlantic World: Creating Modernity, Nation, and Democracy in Nineteenth-Century

    "A remarkable and challenging collection of essays brought together by a historian who has challenged us in expansive ways on his own. Students at all levels and in several disciplines interested in what a global perspective might look like and how we might better think about the development of nations, empires, and capitalism will find New Countries both stimulating and valuable." — Steven Hahn author of, A Nation without Borders: The United States and Its World in an Age of Civil Wars 1830-1910

    "This wonderful anthology offers something more important than the sum of each of its stellar essays. New Countries reestablishes the coherence (even as it recognizes the diversity) of early nineteenth-century movements across the Americas. It should be read not just by historians of Latin America but by all scholars interested in new international history, particularly the New World origins of modern systems of exploitation, principles of sovereignty, and ideas of liberation."  — Greg Grandin, author of, The Empire of Necessity: Slavery, Freedom, and Deception in the New World

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  • Description

    After 1750 the Americas lived political and popular revolutions, the fall of European empires, and the rise of nations as the world faced a new industrial capitalism. Political revolution made the United States the first new nation; revolutionary slaves made Haiti the second, freeing themselves and destroying the leading Atlantic export economy. A decade later, Bajío insurgents took down the silver economy that fueled global trade and sustained Spain’s empire while Britain triumphed at war and pioneered industrial ways that led the U.S. South, still-Spanish Cuba, and a Brazilian empire to expand slavery to supply rising industrial centers. Meanwhile, the fall of silver left people from Mexico through the Andes searching for new states and economies. After 1870 the United States became an agro-industrial hegemon, and most American nations turned to commodity exports, while Haitians and diverse indigenous peoples struggled to retain independent ways.   
     

    Contributors. Alfredo Ávila, Roberto Breña, Sarah C. Chambers, Jordana Dym, Carolyn Fick, Erick Langer, Adam Rothman, David Sartorius, Kirsten Schultz, John Tutino

    About The Author(s)

    John Tutino is Professor of History at Georgetown University and author of Making a New World: Founding Capitalism in the Bajío and Spanish North America, also published by Duke University Press. He leads the Georgetown Americas Initiative, which sponsored the workshops which led to this volume.
     
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