• Cloth: $99.95 - In Stock
    978-0-8223-4046-1
  • Paperback: $26.95 - In Stock
    978-0-8223-4068-3
  • Quantity
  • Add To Bag
  • Introduction / Angela N.H. Creager, Elizabeth Lunbeck, and M. Norton Wise 1

    Part 1: Biology

    Redesigning the Fruit Fly: The Molecularization of Drosophila / Marcel Weber 23

    Wormy Logic: Model Organisms as Case-Based Reasoning / Rachel A. Ankeny 46

    Model Organisms as Powerful Tools for Biomedical Research / E. Jane Albert Hubbard 59

    The Troop Trope: Baboon Behavior as a Model System in the Postwar Period / Susan Sperling 73

    Part 2: Simulations

    From Scaling to Simulation: Changing Meanings and Ambitions of Models in Geology / Naomi Oreskes 93

    Models and Simulations in Climate Change: Historical, Epistemological, Anthropological, and Political Aspects / Amy Dahan Dalmedico 125

    The Curios Case of the Prisoner’s Dilemma: Model Situation? Exemplary Narrative? / Mary S. Morgan

    Part 3: Human Sciences

    The Psychoanalytic Case: Voyeurism, Ethics, and Epistemology in Robert Stoller’s Sexual Excitement / John Forrester 189

    “To Exist Is to Have Confidence in One’s Way of Being”: Rituals as Model Systems / Clifford Geertz 212

    Democratic Athens as an Experimental System: History and the Project of Political Theory / Josiah Ober 225

    Latitude, Slaves, and the Bible: An Experiment in Microhistory / Carlo Ginzburg 243

    Afterword: Reflections on Exemplary Narratives, Cases, and Model Organisms / Mary S. Morgan 264

    Contributors 275

    Index 279
  • Angela N. H. Creager

    Marcel Weber

    Rachel A. Ankeny

    E. Jane Albert Hubbard

    Susan Sperling

    Naomi Oreskes

    Amy Dahan Dalmedico

    Mary S. Morgan

    John Forrester

    Clifford Geertz

    Josiah Ober

    Carlo Ginzburg

    Elizabeth Lunbeck

    M. Norton Wise

  • Science without Laws is a very interesting collection. Its focus on model systems and cases not only suggests a new perspective on what constitutes scientific knowledge; it also points to how such exemplars produce knowledge within scientific disciplines.”

    Science without Laws is one of the most stimulating books I have read in recent years; anyone interested in contemporary science should study it.”

    “[Science without Laws] offers an interesting and eclectic set of essays. . . . Consciously self-reflexive, these essays are model studies of model studies and exemplary narratives of exemplary narratives. The book itself is an exemplary collection of model essays for historians and philosophers interested in model systems, and will be an engaging read for anyone interested in the vicissitudes of practices and reasoning strategies in science without laws.”

    “[A] collective volume of exceptionally beautiful composition, moving through a series of illuminating case studies.”

    “[A] novel and fascinating perspective on how science is done now.”

    “Concise but wide-ranging. . . . [A] valuable resource for the field.”

    “Drawing on the expertise of philosophers, historians, anthropologists, and biologists, this collection is an important contribution. . . . [A] wonderful collection of interesting and informative essays.”

    “The range of scholarship represented here is vast, providing a valuable overview of models and cases (or what functions similarly, like exemplary narratives in history and psychoanalysis or ritual systems in anthropology) in a broad range of disciplines. . . . Sociology is not explicitly represented in this essays, but the implications for sociological knowledge are clear and significant, if also controversial. They merit serious consideration by all sociologists.”

    “This book offers relatively new ‘model systems’ paradigms to offset earlier 19th- and 20th-century approaches to research about human traits and diseases, and other disciplinary areas. Each essay has a detailed supportive set of notes. . . . Recommended.”

    “To a degree rare in edited volumes, this collection works as a whole, despite its pleasingly varied subject matter. Readers may pick and choose according to specialist interests, but those who read cover-to-cover are rewarded with a novel and fascinating perspective on how science is done now.”

    Reviews

  • Science without Laws is a very interesting collection. Its focus on model systems and cases not only suggests a new perspective on what constitutes scientific knowledge; it also points to how such exemplars produce knowledge within scientific disciplines.”

    Science without Laws is one of the most stimulating books I have read in recent years; anyone interested in contemporary science should study it.”

    “[Science without Laws] offers an interesting and eclectic set of essays. . . . Consciously self-reflexive, these essays are model studies of model studies and exemplary narratives of exemplary narratives. The book itself is an exemplary collection of model essays for historians and philosophers interested in model systems, and will be an engaging read for anyone interested in the vicissitudes of practices and reasoning strategies in science without laws.”

    “[A] collective volume of exceptionally beautiful composition, moving through a series of illuminating case studies.”

    “[A] novel and fascinating perspective on how science is done now.”

    “Concise but wide-ranging. . . . [A] valuable resource for the field.”

    “Drawing on the expertise of philosophers, historians, anthropologists, and biologists, this collection is an important contribution. . . . [A] wonderful collection of interesting and informative essays.”

    “The range of scholarship represented here is vast, providing a valuable overview of models and cases (or what functions similarly, like exemplary narratives in history and psychoanalysis or ritual systems in anthropology) in a broad range of disciplines. . . . Sociology is not explicitly represented in this essays, but the implications for sociological knowledge are clear and significant, if also controversial. They merit serious consideration by all sociologists.”

    “This book offers relatively new ‘model systems’ paradigms to offset earlier 19th- and 20th-century approaches to research about human traits and diseases, and other disciplinary areas. Each essay has a detailed supportive set of notes. . . . Recommended.”

    “To a degree rare in edited volumes, this collection works as a whole, despite its pleasingly varied subject matter. Readers may pick and choose according to specialist interests, but those who read cover-to-cover are rewarded with a novel and fascinating perspective on how science is done now.”

  • Science without Laws inspires with its breathtaking scope. Delving from ethology to economics, molecular biology to microhistory, the authors illuminate crucial congruences in the way experts make their cases. Generations of scholars have taken physics as their model for right thinking, in science and beyond. This volume demonstrates that we are all biologists now.” — David Kaiser, author of, Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics

    Science without Laws is a superb book. It is a very strong collection, sharply defined yet impressive in scope and reach, rich in substance and deep in analysis.” — Arkady Plotnitsky, author of, Complementarity: Anti-Epistemology after Bohr and Derrida

  • Permission to Photocopy (coursepacks)

    If you are requesting permission to photocopy material for classroom use, please contact the Copyright Clearance Center at copyright.com;

    If the Copyright Clearance Center cannot grant permission, you may request permission from our Copyrights & Permissions Manager (use Contact Information listed below).

    Permission to Reprint

    If you are requesting permission to reprint DUP material (journal or book selection) in another book or in any other format, contact our Copyrights & Permissions Manager (use Contact Information listed below).

    Images/Art

    Many images/art used in material copyrighted by Duke University Press are controlled, not by the Press, but by the owner of the image. Please check the credit line adjacent to the illustration, as well as the front and back matter of the book for a list of credits. You must obtain permission directly from the owner of the image. Occasionally, Duke University Press controls the rights to maps or other drawings. Please direct permission requests for these images to permissions@dukeupress.edu.
    For book covers to accompany reviews, please contact the publicity department.

    Subsidiary Rights/Foreign Translations

    If you're interested in a Duke University Press book for subsidiary rights/translations, please contact permissions@dukeupress.edu. Include the book title/author, rights sought, and estimated print run.

    Disability Requests

    Instructions for requesting an electronic text on behalf of a student with disabilities are available here.

    Rights & Permissions Contact Information

    Email: permissions@dukeupress.edu
    Email contact for coursepacks: asstpermissions@dukeupress.edu
    Fax: 919-688-4574
    Mail:
    Duke University Press
    Rights and Permissions
    905 W. Main Street
    Suite 18B
    Durham, NC 27701

    For all requests please include:
    1. Author's name. If book has an editor that is different from the article author, include editor's name also.
    2. Title of the journal article or book chapter and title of journal or title of book
    3. Page numbers (if excerpting, provide specifics)
    For coursepacks, please also note: The number of copies requested, the school and professor requesting
    For reprints and subsidiary rights, please also note: Your volume title, publication date, publisher, print run, page count, rights sought
  • Description

    Physicists regularly invoke universal laws, such as those of motion and electromagnetism, to explain events. Biological and medical scientists have no such laws. How then do they acquire a reliable body of knowledge about biological organisms and human disease? One way is by repeatedly returning to, manipulating, observing, interpreting, and reinterpreting certain subjects—such as flies, mice, worms, or microbes—or, as they are known in biology, “model systems.” Across the natural and social sciences, other disciplinary fields have developed canonical examples that have played a role comparable to that of biology’s model systems, serving not only as points of reference and illustrations of general principles or values but also as sites of continued investigation and reinterpretation. The essays in this collection assess the scope and function of model objects in domains as diverse as biology, geology, and history, attending to differences between fields as well as to epistemological commonalities.

    Contributors examine the role of the fruit fly Drosophila and nematode worms in biology, troops of baboons in primatology, box and digital simulations of the movement of the earth’s crust in geology, and meteorological models in climatology. They analyze the intensive study of the prisoner’s dilemma in game theory, ritual in anthropology, the individual case in psychoanalytic research, and Athenian democracy in political theory. The contributors illuminate the processes through which particular organisms, cases, materials, or narratives become foundational to their fields, and they examine how these foundational exemplars—from the fruit fly to Freud’s Dora—shape the knowledge produced within their disciplines.

    Contributors
    Rachel A. Ankeny
    Angela N. H. Creager
    Amy Dahan Dalmedico
    John Forrester
    Clifford Geertz
    Carlo Ginzburg
    E. Jane Albert Hubbard
    Elizabeth Lunbeck
    Mary S. Morgan
    Josiah Ober
    Naomi Oreskes
    Susan Sperling
    Marcel Weber
    M. Norton Wise

    About The Author(s)

    Angela N. H. Creager is Professor of History at Princeton University. She is the author of The Life of a Virus: Tobacco Mosaic Virus as an Experimental Model, 1930–1965.

    Elizabeth Lunbeck is the Nelson Tyrone Jr. Professor of American History at Vanderbilt University. Her books include The Psychiatric Persuasion: Knowledge, Gender, and Power in Modern America.

    M. Norton Wise is Professor of History and Co-Director of the Center for Society and Genetics at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the editor of Growing Explanations: Historical Perspectives on Recent Science, also published by Duke University Press.

Explore More
Share

Create a reading list or add to an existing list. Sign-in or register now to continue.


Contact Us

  • Duke University Press
  • 905 W. Main St. Ste 18-B
  • Durham, NC 27701
  • U.S. phone (toll-free): 888-651-0122
  • International: 1-919-688-5134
  • orders@dukeupress.edu