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  • Notes on the Format of the Book ix

    Acknowledgments xi

    Introduction / Judith Farquhar and Margaret Lock 1

    I. An Emergent Canon, or Putting Bodies on the Scholarly Agenda

    Introduction 19

    On the Part Played by Labor in the Transition from Ape to Man / Friedrich Engels 25

    The Pre-eminence of the Right Hand: A Study in Religious Polarity / Robert Hertz 30

    Right and Left in China / Marcel Granet 41

    Techniques of the Body / Marcel Mauss 50

    Symbols in Ndembu Ritual / Victor Turner 69

    The Social Skin / Terence S. Turner 83

    II. Philosophical Studies, or Learning How to Think Embodiment

    Introduction 107

    Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlook / Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels 113

    On the Mimetic Faculty / Walter Benjamin 130

    from The Phenomenology of Perception / Maurice Merleau-Ponty 133

    Making Up People / Ian Hacking 150

    from Bodies That Matter / Judith Butler 164

    Do You Believe in Reality? / Bruno Latour 176

    III. Fundamental Processes, or Denaturalizing the Given

    Introduction 187

    Time and Space / E. E. Evans-Pritchard 193

    Women Mystics and Eucharistic Devotion in the Thirteenth Century / Caroline Walker Bynum 202

    On Breath / Kristofer M. Schipper 213

    Some Speculations on the History of “Sexual Intercourse” during the “Long Eighteenth Century” in England / Henry Abelove 217

    Human Body Parts as Therapeutic Tools: Contradictory Discourses and Transformed Subjectivities / Margaret Lock 224

    Meratus Embryology / Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing 232

    IV. Everyday Life, or Exploring the Body’s Times and Spaces

    Introduction 241

    Walking in the City / Michel de Certeau 249

    Tactility and Distraction / Michael Taussig 259

    The City: The Sewer, the Gaze, and the Contaminating Touch / Peter Stallybrass and Allon White 266

    Medicinal Meals / Judith Farquhar 286

    Rereading as a Woman: The Body in Practice / Nancy K. Miller 297

    V. Colonized Bodies, or Analyzing the Materiality of Domination

    Introduction 307

    Remembering Amal: On Birth and the British in Northern Sudan / Janice Boddy 315

    National Bodies, Unspeakable Acts: The Sexual Politics of Colonial Policy Making / Susan Pedersen 330

    The Zoot Suit and Style Warfare / Stuart Cosgrove 347

    Cooptation and Control: The Reconstruction of Inuit Birth / Patricia Leyland Kaufert and John D. O’Neil 359

    Dosic Bodies/Docile Bodies / Jean Langford 376

    VI. Desires and Identities, or Negotiating Sex and Gender

    Introduction 383

    Men, Beasts, and “Nature” / John Boswell 389

    Cartographies of Desire: Male-Male Sexuality in Japanese Discourse / Gregory M. Pflugfelder 400

    The Egg and the Sperm: How Science Has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles / Emily Martin 417

    We Always Make Love with Worlds / Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari 428

    VII. Bodies at the Margin, or Attending to Distress and Difference

    Introduction 435

    The Woman beneath the Skin: A Doctor’s Patients in Eighteenth-Century Germany / Barbara Duden 443

    Memory within the Body: Women’s Narrative and Identity in a Southern Italian Village / Mariella Pandolfi 451

    Nervoso / Nancy Scheper-Hughes 459

    Somatization: The Interconnections in Chinese Society among Culture, Depressive Experiences, and the Meanings of Pain / Arthur Kleinman and Joan Kleinman 468

    Jarring Bodies: Thoughts on the Display of Unusual Anatomies / Alice Domurat Dreger 475

    VIII. Capitalist Production, or Accounting the Commodification of Bodily Life

    Introduction 489

    Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism / E. P. Thompson 495

    The Production of Possession: Spirits and the Multinational Corporation in Malaysia / Aihwa Ong 512

    Constructing a “Good Catch,” Picking a Winner: The Development of Technosemen and the Deconstruction of the Monolithic Male / Matthew Schmidt and Lisa Jean Moore 550

    Alienation of Body Parts and the Biopolitics of Immortalized Cell Lines / Margaret Lock 567

    IX. Knowing Systems, or Tracking the Bodies of the Biosciences

    Introduction 587

    Pulse Diagnosis in the Greek and Chinese Traditions / Shigehisa Kuriyama 595

    Real-Time Fetus: The Role of the Sonogram in the Age of Monitored Reproduction / Rayna Rapp 608

    Quit Sniveling, Cryo-Baby, We’ll Work Out Which One’s Your Mama! / Charis Thompson 623

    Bodyworlds: The Art of Plastinated Cadavers / Jose van Dijck 640

    Inventing the Heterozygote: Molecular Biology, Racial Identity, and the Narratives of Sickle-Cell Disease, Tay-Sachs, and Cystic Fibrosis / Keith Wailoo 658

    Bibliography 673

    Citations for Text Selections 679

    Index 685
  • Friedrich Engels

    Robert Hertz

    Marcel Granet

    Marcel Mauss

    Victor Turner

    Terence S. Turner

    Karl Marx

    Walter Benjamin

    Maurice Merleau-Ponty

    Ian Hacking

    Judith Butler

    Bruno Latour

    Caroline Walker Bynum

    E. E. Evans-Pritchard

    Henry Abelove

    Kristopher M. Schipper

    Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing

    Michel de Certeau

    Michael Taussig

    Peter Stallybrass

    Nancy K. Miller

    Janice Boddy

    Susan Pederson

    Stuart Cosgrove

    Jean M. Langford

    Patricia Leyland Kaufert

    John Boswell

    Gregory M Pflugfelder

    Gilles Deleuze

    Barbara Duden

    Nancy Scheper-Hughes

    Arthur Kleinman

    Mariella Pandolfi

    Alice Domurat Dreger

    Aihwa Ong

    E. P. Thompson

    Brad Weiss

    Matthew Schmidt

    Shigehisa Kuriyama

    Rayna Rapp

    Charis Thompson

    Keith Wailoo

    Jose van Dijck

    Allon White

    John O′Neill

    Felix Guttari

    Jean Kleinman

    Lisa Jean Moore

  • 2008 Most Notable Mention, Edited Collection, Council on Anthropology and Reproduction

  • Beyond the Body Proper. . . is a wonderful collection of ethnographic, philosophical, and historical writings on the body. . . . Lock and Farquhar had an excellent hand in selecting these essays. Beyond the Body Proper makes an ideal companion for undergraduate courses, but it also contains surprises for those who know the field.”

    “[E]xpansive and provocative. . . . This volume offers an indispensable resource for scholars and an excellent reader for courses on medical anthropology, anthropology of the body, and social theory.”

    “One of the most interesting aspects of the book is its discussion of ‘local biologies.’ The term, used by the editors in the introduction, is the unifying theme of the collection: It refers to how every culture has a different view of the body, a context that is internalized and feels ‘natural’ for the members of that culture. . . . Clinicians will be particularly interested in the last 2 sections.”

    Awards

  • 2008 Most Notable Mention, Edited Collection, Council on Anthropology and Reproduction

  • Reviews

  • Beyond the Body Proper. . . is a wonderful collection of ethnographic, philosophical, and historical writings on the body. . . . Lock and Farquhar had an excellent hand in selecting these essays. Beyond the Body Proper makes an ideal companion for undergraduate courses, but it also contains surprises for those who know the field.”

    “[E]xpansive and provocative. . . . This volume offers an indispensable resource for scholars and an excellent reader for courses on medical anthropology, anthropology of the body, and social theory.”

    “One of the most interesting aspects of the book is its discussion of ‘local biologies.’ The term, used by the editors in the introduction, is the unifying theme of the collection: It refers to how every culture has a different view of the body, a context that is internalized and feels ‘natural’ for the members of that culture. . . . Clinicians will be particularly interested in the last 2 sections.”

  • “This discerning collection offers a highly creative reading of the development of modern social thought about bodies as means of life in the world. Beyond the Body Proper will be an invaluable classroom companion across a wide range of disciplines in the human sciences.” — Jean Comaroff, Bernard E. and Ellen C. Sunny Distinguished Service Professor, University of Chicago

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  • Description

    Over the past several decades, scholars in both the social sciences and humanities have moved beyond the idea that there is a “body proper”: a singular, discrete biological organism with an individual psyche. They have begun to perceive embodiment as dynamic rather than static, as experiences that vary over time and across the world as they are shaped by discourses, institutions, practices, technologies, and ideologies. What has emerged is a multiplicity of bodies, inviting a great many disciplinary points of view and modes of interpretation. The forty-seven readings presented in this volume range from classic works of social theory, history, and ethnography to more recent investigations into historical and contemporary modes of embodiment.

    Beyond the Body Proper includes nine sections conceptually organized around themes such as everyday life, sex and gender, and science. Each section is preceded by interpretive commentary by the volume’s editors. Within the collection are articles and book excerpts focused on bodies using tools and participating in rituals, on bodies walking and eating, and on the female circumcision controversy, as well as pieces on medical classifications, spirit possession, the commodification of body parts, in vitro fertilization, and an artist/anatomist’s “plastination” of cadavers for display. Materialist, phenomenological, and feminist perspectives on embodiment appear along with writings on interpretations of pain and the changing meanings of sexual intercourse. Essays on these topics and many others challenge Eurocentric assumptions about the body as they speak to each other and to the most influential contemporary trends in the human sciences.

    With selections by: Henry Abelove, Walter Benjamin, Janice Boddy, John Boswell, Judith Butler, Caroline Walker Bynum, Stuart Cosgrove, Michel de Certeau, Gilles Deleuze, Alice Domurat Dreger, Barbara Duden, Friedrich Engels, E. E. Evans-Pritchard, Judith Farquhar, Marcel Granet, Felix Guattari, Ian Hacking, Robert Hertz, Patricia Leyland Kaufert, Arthur Kleinman, Shigehisa Kuriyama, Jean Langford, Bruno Latour, Margaret Lock, Emily Martin, Karl Marx, Marcel Mauss, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Nancy K. Miller, Lisa Jean Moore, John D. O’Neil, Aihwa Ong, Mariella Pandolfi, Susan Pedersen, Gregory M. Pflugfelder, Rayna Rapp, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, Kristofer Schipper, Matthew Schmidt, Peter Stallybrass, Michael Taussig, Charis Thompson, E.P. Thompson, Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, Victor Turner, Terence Turner, Jose van Dijck, Keith Wailoo, Brad Weiss, Allon White

    About The Author(s)

    Margaret Lock is Professor of Anthropology and the Marjorie Bronfman Professor in Social Studies of Medicine at McGill University. Her many books include Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death and Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America.

    Judith Farquhar is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Chicago. She is the author of Appetites: Food and Sex in Post-Socialist China, also published by Duke University Press, and Knowing Practice: The Clinical Encounter of Chinese Medicine.


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