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  • A Note On Style xi

    Introduction 1

    Part I: The Ancient Civilizations 13

    The Chavin Cult / Brian Fagan 17

    Nazca Pottery / Javier Sologuren 28

    The Huarochiri Manuscript / Anonymous 30

    Moon, Sun, Witches / Irene Silverblatt 36

    The Origins of the Incas / Garcilaso de la Vega 50

    Cloth, Textile, and the Inca Empire / John Murra 56

    Taxation and the Incas / Pedro de Cieza de Leon 71

    Officials and Messengers, Guaman Poma de Ayala 76

    The Search for Machu Picchu / Hiram Bingham 82

    Part II: Conquest and Colonial Rule 93

    Atahualpa and Pizarro / John Hemming 97

    In Defense of the Indians / Bartolome de las Casas 119

    Our House / Marco Martos 123

    The Tragedy of Success / Steve J. Stern 124

    Diary of Colonial Lima / Josephe de Mugaburu y Honton 149

    Friar Martin's Mice / Ricardo Palma 154

    The Rebellion of Tupac Amaru / Alberto Flores Galindo 159

    "All Must Die!" / Jose Antonio de Areche 169

    Part III: Republican Peru 175

    The Battle of Ayacucho / Antonio Cisneros 179

    Comas and the War of the Pacific / Florencia E. Mallon 181

    Priests, Indians, Soldiers, and Heroes / Manuel Gonzalez Prada 199

    Women of Lima / Flora Tristan 207

    Amazonian Indians and the Rubber Boom / Manuel Cordova 215

    Pat IV: The Advent of Modern Politics 227

    Tempest in the Andex / Luis Valcarcel 231

    Water! / Juan Pevez 235

    Reflections / Jose Carlos Mariategui 240

    Human Poems / Cesar Vallejo 246

    The APRA / Victor Raul Haya de la Torre 253

    The Massacre of Chan Chan / Carleton Beals 258

    Lost to Sight / Cesar Moro 266

    Part V: The Breakup of the Old Order 269

    The Pongo's Dream / Jose Maria Arguedas 273

    "The Master Will No Longer Feed Off Your Poverty" / Juan Velasco 279

    The 24th of June / Gabriel Aragon 285

    Villa El Salvador / Cecilia Blondet 287

    Recipe for a House / Mercedes Torribio 293

    Featherless Vultures / Julio Ramon Ribreyo 296

    Peru's African Rhythms / Nicomedes Santa Cruz 305

    A Guerrilla's Word / Javier Heraud 307

    Liberation Theology / Gustavo Gutierrez 309

    A World for Julius / Alfredo Bryce Echenique 313

    Part IV: The Shining Path 319

    "A Frightening Thirst for Vengeance" / Osman Morote 323

    We Are the Initiators / Abimael Guzman 325

    The Quota / Gustavo Gorriti 331

    Memories of a Cadre / Nicario 343

    Oath of Loyalty / Anonymous 351

    Part VII: Manchay Tiempo 353

    Vietnam in the Andex / Pancho 357

    Death Threat / Anonymous 364

    Women and Terror / Raquel Martin de Mejia 366

    Chaqwa / Robin Kirk 370

    Huamanguino / Ranulfo Fuentes 384

    "There Have Been Threats" / Maria Elena Moyano 387

    Peasants at War / Ponciano del Pino 393

    Time of Reckoning / Salomon Lerner 401

    Part VIII: The Cocaine Economy 407

    The Hold Life has / Catherine J. Allen 411

    My Little Coca, Let Me Chew You! / Anonymous 424

    The Cocaine Economy / Jo Ann Dawell 425

    Drugs, Soldiers, and Guerrillas / Chaname 438

    Part IX: The Struggle for Survival 441

    Soup of the Day / Family Kitchen No. 79 445

    Nightwatch / Orin Starn 447

    "A Momentous Decision" / Alberto Fujimori 460

    Choleric Outbreak / Caretas 468

    Bribing a Congressman / Alberto Kouri and Vladimiro Montesinos 474

    Simply Pascuala / Jose Maria Salcedo 477

    Part X: Culture(s) Redefined 481

    Chayraq! / Carlos Ivan Degregori 485

    The Choncholi Chewing Gum Rap / Nosquien y los Nosecuantos 489

    Sarita Colonia Comes Flying / Eduardo Gonzalez Viana 491

    is Peru Turning Protestant? / Luis Minaya 496

    Interview with a Gay activist / Enrique Bossio 502

    Adrenaline Nights / Carmen Olle 507

    Reencounter / Giovanna Pollarolo 509

    I Am the Bad Girl of the Story / Maria Emilia Cornejo 511

    Conversation in the Cathedral / Mario Vargas Lllosa 512

    The Slave / Jaime Bayly 528

    Aguaruna Adventures / Anonymous 553

    Self-Images / Workshop for Social Photography 562

    Suggestions for Further Readings 567

    Acknowledgments 571

    Acknowledgment of Copyrights 573

    Index 577
  • “[A] thoughtfully-chosen range of primary historical documents, anthropological and journalistic analyses, and literary endeavors. . . . The book is a compelling and convincing mix; there’s nothing else like it.”

    “This anthology is a wonderful addition to any course on Latin America and Peru and is accessible to both graduates and undergraduates. I have used pieces from this book for my undergraduate courses and plan to incorporate at least one of the pieces new to this second edition into my courses in the near future. The book should also be of interest to nonacademics interested in learning more about Peru.”

    Reviews

  • “[A] thoughtfully-chosen range of primary historical documents, anthropological and journalistic analyses, and literary endeavors. . . . The book is a compelling and convincing mix; there’s nothing else like it.”

    “This anthology is a wonderful addition to any course on Latin America and Peru and is accessible to both graduates and undergraduates. I have used pieces from this book for my undergraduate courses and plan to incorporate at least one of the pieces new to this second edition into my courses in the near future. The book should also be of interest to nonacademics interested in learning more about Peru.”

  • “A livelier, more literate introduction to a foreign world could not be hoped for. A Peruvian trove, indeed; so much that one hardly knows where to begin dipping into its treasures.” — Alma Guillermoprieto, author of, Dancing with Cuba: A Memoir of the Revolution

    “This is an extremely deep, broad, and insightful collection on Peru.” — Jorge CastaƱeda, author of, Utopia Unarmed: The Latin American Left after the Cold War and former Foreign Minister of Mexico

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  • Description

    Sixteenth-century Spanish soldiers described Peru as a land filled with gold and silver, a place of untold wealth. Nineteenth-century travelers wrote of soaring Andean peaks plunging into luxuriant Amazonian canyons of orchids, pythons, and jaguars. The early-twentieth-century American adventurer Hiram Bingham told of the raging rivers and the wild jungles he traversed on his way to rediscovering the “Lost City of the Incas,” Machu Picchu. Seventy years later, news crews from ABC and CBS traveled to Peru to report on merciless terrorists, starving peasants, and Colombian drug runners in the “white gold” rush of the coca trade. As often as not, Peru has been portrayed in broad extremes: as the land of the richest treasures, the bloodiest conquest, the most poignant ballads, and the most violent revolutionaries. This revised and updated second edition of the bestselling Peru Reader offers a deeper understanding of the complex country that lies behind these claims.

    Unparalleled in scope, the volume covers Peru’s history from its extraordinary pre-Columbian civilizations to its citizens’ twenty-first-century struggles to achieve dignity and justice in a multicultural nation where Andean, African, Amazonian, Asian, and European traditions meet. The collection presents a vast array of essays, folklore, historical documents, poetry, songs, short stories, autobiographical accounts, and photographs. Works by contemporary Peruvian intellectuals and politicians appear alongside accounts of those whose voices are less often heard—peasants, street vendors, maids, Amazonian Indians, and African-Peruvians. Including some of the most insightful pieces of Western journalism and scholarship about Peru, the selections provide the traveler and specialist alike with a thorough introduction to the country’s astonishing past and challenging present.

    About The Author(s)

    Orin Starn is Professor of Cultural Anthropology at Duke University. He is the author of Ishi’s Brain: In Search of America’s Last “Wild” Indian and Nightwatch: The Politics of Protest in the Andes, also published by Duke University Press.

    Carlos Iván Degregori is Professor of Anthropology at the National University of San Marcos in Lima. He served on Peru’s government-appointed Truth and Reconciliation Commission and has written dozens of books and articles about Peru.

    Robin Kirk is Co-director of the Human Rights Initiative at Duke University. She is the author of More Terrible Than Death: Massacres, Drugs, and America’s War in Colombia and The Monkey's Paw: New Chronicles from Peru.

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