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  • Acknowledgments ix

    Introduction: Discarding Manly Dichotomies in Latin America / Matthew C. Gutmann 1

    Contemporary Latin American Perspectives on Masculinity / Mara Viveros Vigoya 27

    Urban Men and Masculinities

    Philanderers, Cuckolds, and Wily Women: Reexamining Gender Relations in a Brazilian Working-Class Neighborhood / Claudia Fonseca 61

    Men and Their Histories: Restructuring, Gender Inequality, and Life Transitions in Urban Mexico / Agustin Escobar Latapi 84

    Malandros, Maria Lionza, and Masculinity in a Venezuelan Shantytown / Francisco Ferrandiz 115

    The Social Constructions of Gender Identity among Peruvian Males / Norma Fuller 134

    Drink, Abstinence, and Male Identity in Mexico City / Stanley Brandes 153

    Representations and Practices

    Barbudos, Warriors, and Rotos: The MIR, Masculinity, and Power in the Chilean Agrarian Reform, 1965-74 / Florencia E. Mallon 179

    Sexuality and Revolution: On the Footnotes to El beso de la mujer arana / Daniel Balderston 216

    Measures of Manhood: Honor, Enlisted Army Service, and Slavery's Decline in Brazil, 1850–90 / Peter M. Beattie 233

    Verguenza and Changing Chicano/a Narratives / Miguel Diaz Barriga 256

    Pancho Jaime and the Political Uses of Masculinity in Ecuador / X. Andrade 281

    Sexuality and Paternity

    Changing Sexualities: Masculinity and Male Homosexualities in Brazil / Richard Parker 307

    Men at Home?: Child Rearing and Housekeeping among Chilean Working-Class Fathers/ Jose Olavarria 333

    Neither Machos nor Maricones: Masculinity and Emerging Male Homosexual Identities in Mexico / Hector Carrillo 351

    Rape and the Politics of Masculine Silence in Argentina / Donna J. Guy 370

    Contributors 393

    Index 399
  • Matthew C. Gutmann

    Mara Viveros Vigoya

    Claudia Lee Williams Fonseca

    Agustín Escobar Latapí

    Francisco J. Ferrándiz

    Norma Fuller

    Stanley Brandes

    Florencia E. Mallon

    Daniel Balderston

    Peter M. Beattie

    Miguel Díaz-Barriga

    Xavier Andrade

    Richard G. Parker

    José Olavarría

    Héctor Carillo

    Donna J. Guy

  • “The essays in this volume represent a significant advance for our understanding of both the texture and obstinate endurance of inequality in Latin America. Building on recent breakthrough studies of women, gender, and sexuality, Changing Men and Masculinities opens up worlds of male experience, from the bedroom to the workplace. The volume confirms that masculinity is a useful, and indispensable, category of analysis.”—Greg Grandin, author of The Blood of Guatemala: A History of Race and Nation — N/A

    Changing Men and Masculinities in Latin America stands on the frontier of gender studies. Its interdisciplinarity, broad historical scope, and multicountry coverage portray well the diversity of masculinities in Latin America.”—Elizabeth Dore, coeditor of Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America — N/A

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  • Description

    Ranging from fatherhood to machismo and from public health to housework, Changing Men and Masculinities in Latin America is a collection of pioneering studies of what it means to be a man in Latin America. Matthew C. Gutmann brings together essays by well-known U.S. Latin Americanists and newly translated essays by noted Latin American scholars. Historically grounded and attuned to global political and economic changes, this collection investigates what, if anything, is distinctive about and common to masculinity across Latin America at the same time that it considers the relative benefits and drawbacks of studies focusing on men there. Demonstrating that attention to masculinities does not thwart feminism, the contributors illuminate the changing relationships between men and women and among men of different ethnic groups, sexual orientations, and classes.

    The contributors look at Mexico, Argentina, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, and the United States. They bring to bear a number of disciplines—anthropology, history, literature, public health, and sociology—and a variety of methodologies including ethnography, literary criticism, and statistical analysis. Whether analyzing rape legislation in Argentina, the unique space for candid discussions of masculinity created in an Alcoholics Anonymous group in Mexico, the role of shame in shaping Chicana and Chicano identities and gender relations, or homosexuality in Brazil, Changing Men and Masculinities highlights the complex distinctions between normative conceptions of masculinity in Latin America and the actual experiences and thoughts of particular men and women.

    Xavier Andrade, Daniel Balderston, Peter Beattie, Stanley Brandes, Héctor Carrillo, Miguel Díaz Barriga, Agustín Escobar, Francisco Ferrándiz, Claudia Fonseca, Norma Fuller, Matthew C. Gutmann, Donna Guy, Florencia Mallon, José Olavarría, Richard Parker, Mara Viveros

    About The Author(s)

    Matthew C. Gutmann is Stanley J. Bernstein Assistant Professor of the Social Sciences–International Affairs in the Department of Anthropology at Brown University. He is author of The Meanings of Macho: Being a Man in Mexico City and Mainstreaming Men into Gender and Development: Debates, Reflections, Experiences (with Sylvia Chant).

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